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The doshpuluur is a long-necked lute made from wood, usually pine (larch) or cedar. There are two different versions of doshpuluur. One version has a trapezoidal soundbox, which is covered on both sides by goat skin and is fretless. The other has a kidney-shaped soundbox mostly of wood with a small goat or snake skin roundel on the front and has frets.

Traditionally the instrument has only two strings, but there exists versions of it with three or even four strings. The two strings are tuned a fourth apart, with the third string usually forming the octave. The doshpuluur is played by plucking and strumming. Like the other stringed instruments, it is traditionally used as an accompaniment for a solo performance.