Difference between revisions of "Horse nomenclature"

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* '''ала (ala)''' multicoloured, variegated, motley, piebald (black and white), skewbald (white and any colour but black).
 
* '''ала (ala)''' multicoloured, variegated, motley, piebald (black and white), skewbald (white and any colour but black).
 
* '''бора (bora)''' grey.
 
* '''бора (bora)''' grey.
* '''доруг (dorug)''' bay (reddish-brown); '''kara-dorug''' dark bay.   
+
* '''доруг (dorug)''' bay (reddish-brown); '''кара-доруг (kara-dorug)''' dark bay.   
 
* '''калдар (kaldar)''' sorrel (reddish-brown with yellowish markings).
 
* '''калдар (kaldar)''' sorrel (reddish-brown with yellowish markings).
 
* '''кара (kara)''' black.
 
* '''кара (kara)''' black.
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* '''кыскыл (kyskyl)''' chestnut.
 
* '''кыскыл (kyskyl)''' chestnut.
 
* '''кула (kula)''' tawny, lightbrown with black mane and tail.
 
* '''кула (kula)''' tawny, lightbrown with black mane and tail.
* '''ой (oj)''' dun, isabel; '''kara-oy''' dark dun.
+
* '''ой (oj)''' dun, isabel; '''кара-ой (kara-oj)''' dark dun.
 
* '''сара (sara)''' light bay.
 
* '''сара (sara)''' light bay.
 
* '''сарала (sarala)''' (< ''sara ala'') light skewbald, yellowish.  
 
* '''сарала (sarala)''' (< ''sara ala'') light skewbald, yellowish.  
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* '''челиш (chelish)''' trot.
 
* '''челиш (chelish)''' trot.
 
* '''чыраа (chyraa)''' ambler.
 
* '''чыраа (chyraa)''' ambler.
* '''саяк (sayak)''' ambler.
+
* '''саяк (sajak)''' ambler.
  
 
=Age=
 
=Age=
* '''дай (day)''' colt, young horse of two or three years.
+
* '''дай (daj)''' colt, young horse of two or three years.
 +
* '''дөнен (dönen)''' four-year-old (livestock).
 
* '''кулун (kulun)''' (suckling) foal, colt.  
 
* '''кулун (kulun)''' (suckling) foal, colt.  
 +
* '''сарбаа (sarbaa)''' one-year-old foal (born in autumn).
  
 
=Qualities=
 
=Qualities=
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=Examples=
 
=Examples=
 
* '''Эмдик-Бора (Emdik-Bora)''': Unridden Grey
 
* '''Эмдик-Бора (Emdik-Bora)''': Unridden Grey
* '''Эмдик-Ой (Emdik-Oy)''': Unridden Dun
+
* '''Эмдик-Ой (Emdik-Oj)''': Unridden Dun
 
* '''Чыраа-Бора (Chyraa-Bora)''': Ambling Grey
 
* '''Чыраа-Бора (Chyraa-Bora)''': Ambling Grey
* '''Базар-Ой (Bazar-Oy)''': Ambling Dun
+
* '''Базар-Ой (Bazar-Oj)''': Ambling Dun
* '''Хертеш-Ой (Khertesh-Oy)''': Arched-back Dun
+
* '''Хертеш-Ой (Khertesh-Oj)''': Arched-back Dun
 
* '''Оглаа-Дай (Oglaa-Daj)''': Shy Colt
 
* '''Оглаа-Дай (Oglaa-Daj)''': Shy Colt
 
* '''Доруг-Дай (Dorug-Daj)''': Bay Colt
 
* '''Доруг-Дай (Dorug-Daj)''': Bay Colt
 
* '''Кула-Дай (Kula-Daj)''': Tawny Colt
 
* '''Кула-Дай (Kula-Daj)''': Tawny Colt
 
* '''Шокар-Дай (Shokar-Daj)''': Dappled Colt
 
* '''Шокар-Дай (Shokar-Daj)''': Dappled Colt

Revision as of 19:13, 10 February 2006


Overview

Horses are commonly given a compound name consisting of two words, one describing the color and the second describing some other distinguishing feature such as gait or age.

Horse coats

  • ак (ak) white.
  • ала (ala) multicoloured, variegated, motley, piebald (black and white), skewbald (white and any colour but black).
  • бора (bora) grey.
  • доруг (dorug) bay (reddish-brown); кара-доруг (kara-dorug) dark bay.
  • калдар (kaldar) sorrel (reddish-brown with yellowish markings).
  • кара (kara) black.
  • карала (karala) (< kara ala) dark piebald, dark skewbald.
  • кыр (kyr) roan (dark coat sprinkled with grey); liver-chestnut.
  • кыскыл (kyskyl) chestnut.
  • кула (kula) tawny, lightbrown with black mane and tail.
  • ой (oj) dun, isabel; кара-ой (kara-oj) dark dun.
  • сара (sara) light bay.
  • сарала (sarala) (< sara ala) light skewbald, yellowish.
  • сарыг (saryg) yellow; blond, light bay.
  • шилги (shilgi) reddish, ginger, chestnut.
  • шокар (shokar) motley, dappled, spotted.
  • хоор (xoor) light-chestnut, fallow, tan, pale-coloured.
  • хувала (xuvala) light bay.

Gaits

  • базар (bazar) ambling.
  • челиш (chelish) trot.
  • чыраа (chyraa) ambler.
  • саяк (sajak) ambler.

Age

  • дай (daj) colt, young horse of two or three years.
  • дөнен (dönen) four-year-old (livestock).
  • кулун (kulun) (suckling) foal, colt.
  • сарбаа (sarbaa) one-year-old foal (born in autumn).

Qualities

  • чүгүрүк (chügürük) able to run fast, racing, swift.
  • эмдик (emdik) not broken-in, unridden.
  • хертеш (khertesh) curved, arched (said of a horse's back).
  • оглаа (oglaa) shy, easily scared.

Examples

  • Эмдик-Бора (Emdik-Bora): Unridden Grey
  • Эмдик-Ой (Emdik-Oj): Unridden Dun
  • Чыраа-Бора (Chyraa-Bora): Ambling Grey
  • Базар-Ой (Bazar-Oj): Ambling Dun
  • Хертеш-Ой (Khertesh-Oj): Arched-back Dun
  • Оглаа-Дай (Oglaa-Daj): Shy Colt
  • Доруг-Дай (Dorug-Daj): Bay Colt
  • Кула-Дай (Kula-Daj): Tawny Colt
  • Шокар-Дай (Shokar-Daj): Dappled Colt