Difference between revisions of "Horse nomenclature"

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* '''кара (kara)''' black.
 
* '''кара (kara)''' black.
 
* '''карала (karala)''' (< ''kara ala'') dark piebald, dark skewbald.  
 
* '''карала (karala)''' (< ''kara ala'') dark piebald, dark skewbald.  
* '''кыр (kyr)''' roan (dark coat sprinkled with grey); liver-chestnut.  
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* '''кыр (kïr)''' roan (dark coat sprinkled with grey); liver-chestnut.  
* '''кыскыл (kyskyl)''' chestnut.
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* '''кыскыл (kïskïl)''' chestnut.
 
* '''кула (kula)''' tawny, lightbrown with black mane and tail.
 
* '''кула (kula)''' tawny, lightbrown with black mane and tail.
* '''ой (oj)''' dun, isabel; '''кара-ой (kara-oj)''' dark dun.
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* '''ой (oy)''' dun, isabel; '''кара-ой (kara-oy)''' dark dun.
 
* '''сара (sara)''' light bay.
 
* '''сара (sara)''' light bay.
 
* '''сарала (sarala)''' (< ''sara ala'') light skewbald, yellowish.  
 
* '''сарала (sarala)''' (< ''sara ala'') light skewbald, yellowish.  
* '''сарыг (saryg)''' yellow; blond, light bay.
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* '''сарыг (sarïg)''' yellow; blond, light bay.
* '''шилги (shilgi)''' reddish, ginger, chestnut.  
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* '''шилги (šilgi)''' reddish, ginger, chestnut.  
* '''шокар (shokar)''' motley, dappled, spotted.  
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* '''шокар (šokar)''' motley, dappled, spotted.  
 
* '''хоор (xoor)''' light-chestnut, fallow, tan, pale-coloured.
 
* '''хоор (xoor)''' light-chestnut, fallow, tan, pale-coloured.
 
* '''хувала (xuvala)''' light bay.
 
* '''хувала (xuvala)''' light bay.
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=Gaits=
 
=Gaits=
 
* '''базар (bazar)''' ambling.
 
* '''базар (bazar)''' ambling.
* '''челиш (chelish)''' trot.
+
* '''челиш (čeliš)''' trot.
* '''чыраа (chyraa)''' ambler.
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* '''чыраа (čïraa)''' ambler.
* '''саяк (sajak)''' ambler.
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* '''саяк (sayak)''' ambler.
  
 
=Age=
 
=Age=
* '''дай (daj)''' colt, young horse of two or three years.
+
* '''дай (day)''' colt, young horse of two or three years.
 
* '''дөнен (dönen)''' four-year-old (livestock).
 
* '''дөнен (dönen)''' four-year-old (livestock).
 
* '''кулун (kulun)''' (suckling) foal, colt.  
 
* '''кулун (kulun)''' (suckling) foal, colt.  
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=Qualities=
 
=Qualities=
* '''чүгүрүк (chügürük)''' able to run fast, racing, swift.
+
* '''чүгүрүк (čügürük)''' able to run fast, racing, swift.
 
* '''эмдик (emdik)''' not broken-in, unridden.
 
* '''эмдик (emdik)''' not broken-in, unridden.
* '''хертеш (khertesh)''' curved, arched (said of a horse's back).
+
* '''хертеш (xerteš)''' curved, arched (said of a horse's back).
 
* '''оглаа (oglaa)''' shy, easily scared.
 
* '''оглаа (oglaa)''' shy, easily scared.
  
 
=Examples=
 
=Examples=
 
* '''Эмдик-Бора (Emdik-Bora)''': Unridden Grey
 
* '''Эмдик-Бора (Emdik-Bora)''': Unridden Grey
* '''Эмдик-Ой (Emdik-Oj)''': Unridden Dun
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* '''Эмдик-Ой (Emdik-Oy)''': Unridden Dun
* '''Чыраа-Бора (Chyraa-Bora)''': Ambling Grey
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* '''Чыраа-Бора (Čïraa-Bora)''': Ambling Grey
* '''Базар-Ой (Bazar-Oj)''': Ambling Dun
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* '''Базар-Ой (Bazar-Oy)''': Ambling Dun
* '''Хертеш-Ой (Khertesh-Oj)''': Arched-back Dun
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* '''Хертеш-Ой (Xerteš-Oy)''': Arched-back Dun
* '''Оглаа-Дай (Oglaa-Daj)''': Shy Colt
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* '''Оглаа-Дай (Oglaa-Day)''': Shy Colt
* '''Доруг-Дай (Dorug-Daj)''': Bay Colt
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* '''Доруг-Дай (Dorug-Day)''': Bay Colt
* '''Кула-Дай (Kula-Daj)''': Tawny Colt
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* '''Кула-Дай (Kula-Day)''': Tawny Colt
* '''Шокар-Дай (Shokar-Daj)''': Dappled Colt
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* '''Шокар-Дай (Šokar-Day)''': Dappled Colt

Revision as of 16:27, 6 December 2009


Overview

Horses are commonly given a compound name consisting of two words, one describing the color and the second describing some other distinguishing feature such as gait or age.

Horse coats

  • ак (ak) white.
  • ала (ala) multicoloured, variegated, motley, piebald (black and white), skewbald (white and any colour but black).
  • бора (bora) grey.
  • доруг (dorug) bay (reddish-brown); кара-доруг (kara-dorug) dark bay.
  • калдар (kaldar) sorrel (reddish-brown with yellowish markings).
  • кара (kara) black.
  • карала (karala) (< kara ala) dark piebald, dark skewbald.
  • кыр (kïr) roan (dark coat sprinkled with grey); liver-chestnut.
  • кыскыл (kïskïl) chestnut.
  • кула (kula) tawny, lightbrown with black mane and tail.
  • ой (oy) dun, isabel; кара-ой (kara-oy) dark dun.
  • сара (sara) light bay.
  • сарала (sarala) (< sara ala) light skewbald, yellowish.
  • сарыг (sarïg) yellow; blond, light bay.
  • шилги (šilgi) reddish, ginger, chestnut.
  • шокар (šokar) motley, dappled, spotted.
  • хоор (xoor) light-chestnut, fallow, tan, pale-coloured.
  • хувала (xuvala) light bay.

Gaits

  • базар (bazar) ambling.
  • челиш (čeliš) trot.
  • чыраа (čïraa) ambler.
  • саяк (sayak) ambler.

Age

  • дай (day) colt, young horse of two or three years.
  • дөнен (dönen) four-year-old (livestock).
  • кулун (kulun) (suckling) foal, colt.
  • сарбаа (sarbaa) one-year-old foal (born in autumn).

Qualities

  • чүгүрүк (čügürük) able to run fast, racing, swift.
  • эмдик (emdik) not broken-in, unridden.
  • хертеш (xerteš) curved, arched (said of a horse's back).
  • оглаа (oglaa) shy, easily scared.

Examples

  • Эмдик-Бора (Emdik-Bora): Unridden Grey
  • Эмдик-Ой (Emdik-Oy): Unridden Dun
  • Чыраа-Бора (Čïraa-Bora): Ambling Grey
  • Базар-Ой (Bazar-Oy): Ambling Dun
  • Хертеш-Ой (Xerteš-Oy): Arched-back Dun
  • Оглаа-Дай (Oglaa-Day): Shy Colt
  • Доруг-Дай (Dorug-Day): Bay Colt
  • Кула-Дай (Kula-Day): Tawny Colt
  • Шокар-Дай (Šokar-Day): Dappled Colt