Difference between revisions of "Lesson 0"

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#REDIRECT [[Transliteration]]
 
 
[[Category:Lessons]]
 
[[Category:Lessons]]
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{{Lessons}}
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{{Copyright|[[User:Sborsody|Stacey Borsody]]}}
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A cyrillic-latin transliteration scheme for Tyvan presented by Stacey Borsody
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
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!Cyrillic !!Latin !!Description
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|-
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|А||A||ah, like in father
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|-
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|Б||B||unaspirated so it sounds somewhere between a p and a b.
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|-
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|В||V||v like in victory
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|-
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|Г||G||g like in good, but between vowels and at the end of words it becomes fricative, something like at the end of 'argh'
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|-
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|Д||D||unaspirated so it sounds like a t
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|-
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|Е||E||in russian this letter is palatized, kind of like in 'yea', but in tyvan it is for the 'eh' sound occurring in the middle of words
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|-
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|Ё||JO||a bit like 'yaw'
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|-
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|Ж||ZH||like the s in measure
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|-
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|З||Z||like a z in zoo
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|-
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|И||I||like an i in hid
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|-
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|Й||J||like the y in yes, but written as j so as not to get confused with the unrounded back vowel y below
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|-
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|К||K||k like in kick
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|-
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|Л||L||l like in learn
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|-
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|М||M||an m like in me
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|-
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|Н||N||an n like in no
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|-
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|Ң||ŋ||the sound that occurs at the end of words like ring. the use of ŋ is unambiguous and comes from the old Tyvan latin alphabet.
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|-
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|О||O||an o like in for
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|-
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|Ө||Ö||a bit like the 'ur' in sure
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|-
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|П||P||a strong p sound, because it's aspirated
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|-
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|Р||R||the r is trill, but not rolled like in spanish
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|-
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|С||S||a regular s like in so
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|-
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|Т||T||a t like in true, but between vowels it sounds more like a d
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|-
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|У||U||a u like the sound in moon
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|-
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|Ү||Ü||sounds a little like the e in 'ew'
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|-
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|Ф||F||an f like in for
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|-
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|Х||KH||like the ch at the end of scottish 'loch'. it's a kind of 'h' sound with a lot of friction.
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|-
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|Ц||TS||a ts like in 'its'
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|-
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|Ч||CH||the ch like in church
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|-
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|Ш||SH||the sh like in shoot
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|-
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|Щ||SHCH||a soft sh sound, like bunching together 'fresh cheese'
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|-
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|Ъ||`||tyvan has some vowels that are pharyngealized and this character is used to mark vowels with this quality
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|-
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|Ы||Y||sounds somewhere between the i in 'hid' and a u is 'uh'. do not round your lips like the u in 'moon'.
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|-
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|Ь||'||a character used in russian that palatizes the preceeding consonant. not used in tyvan but likely encountered.
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|-
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|Э||E||the e like in 'bed'
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|-
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|Ю||JU||the beginning of 'you'
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|-
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|Я||JA||like in 'yap'
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|}

Revision as of 17:28, 13 December 2006

Тыва Дыл Kичээллер
Lesson 0 Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4
Copyright.png
by Stacey Borsody
All rights reserved

A cyrillic-latin transliteration scheme for Tyvan presented by Stacey Borsody

Cyrillic Latin Description
А A ah, like in father
Б B unaspirated so it sounds somewhere between a p and a b.
В V v like in victory
Г G g like in good, but between vowels and at the end of words it becomes fricative, something like at the end of 'argh'
Д D unaspirated so it sounds like a t
Е E in russian this letter is palatized, kind of like in 'yea', but in tyvan it is for the 'eh' sound occurring in the middle of words
Ё JO a bit like 'yaw'
Ж ZH like the s in measure
З Z like a z in zoo
И I like an i in hid
Й J like the y in yes, but written as j so as not to get confused with the unrounded back vowel y below
К K k like in kick
Л L l like in learn
М M an m like in me
Н N an n like in no
Ң ŋ the sound that occurs at the end of words like ring. the use of ŋ is unambiguous and comes from the old Tyvan latin alphabet.
О O an o like in for
Ө Ö a bit like the 'ur' in sure
П P a strong p sound, because it's aspirated
Р R the r is trill, but not rolled like in spanish
С S a regular s like in so
Т T a t like in true, but between vowels it sounds more like a d
У U a u like the sound in moon
Ү Ü sounds a little like the e in 'ew'
Ф F an f like in for
Х KH like the ch at the end of scottish 'loch'. it's a kind of 'h' sound with a lot of friction.
Ц TS a ts like in 'its'
Ч CH the ch like in church
Ш SH the sh like in shoot
Щ SHCH a soft sh sound, like bunching together 'fresh cheese'
Ъ ` tyvan has some vowels that are pharyngealized and this character is used to mark vowels with this quality
Ы Y sounds somewhere between the i in 'hid' and a u is 'uh'. do not round your lips like the u in 'moon'.
Ь ' a character used in russian that palatizes the preceeding consonant. not used in tyvan but likely encountered.
Э E the e like in 'bed'
Ю JU the beginning of 'you'
Я JA like in 'yap'