Difference between revisions of "Lesson 0"

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'''Tyva dyl lesson 1: Cyrillic letters and Transliteration'''
 
'''Tyva dyl lesson 1: Cyrillic letters and Transliteration'''
 
{{Copyright|[[User:Sborsody|Stacey Borsody]]}}
 
{{Copyright|[[User:Sborsody|Stacey Borsody]]}}
A cyrillic-latin transliteration scheme for Tyvan presented by Stacey Borsody
 
  
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
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(<FONT COLOR=red>Incomplete</FONT>)
!Cyrillic !!Latin !!Description
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|-
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Tyvan is written in the Cyrillic alphabet with a few additional letters.  This is a quick tutorial for learning Cyrillic. Most of the letters are based upon the Greek alphabet.  A lot of them are familiar looking to users of the Latin alphabet since the Latin alphabet is related.
|А||A||ah, like in father
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|-
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Letters that look and sound the same as their Latin counterparts:
|Б||B||unaspirated so it sounds somewhere between a p and a b.
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А Е К М О C Т
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|В||V||v like in victory
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Letters that look the same but sound different:
|-
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В H Р Ы Х
|Г||G||g like in good, but between vowels and at the end of words it becomes fricative, something like at the end of 'argh'
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|-
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If you're familiar with Greek:
|Д||D||unaspirated so it sounds like a t
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Б Г Д З П Ф
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|Е||E||in russian this letter is palatized, kind of like in 'yea', but in tyvan it is for the 'eh' sound occurring in the middle of words
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Special Tyvan letters
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Ө Ү Ң
|Ё||JO||a bit like 'yaw'
 
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|Ж||ZH||like the s in measure
 
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|З||Z||like a z in zoo
 
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|И||I||like an i in hid
 
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|Й||J||like the y in yes, but written as j so as not to get confused with the unrounded back vowel y below
 
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|К||K||k like in kick
 
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|Л||L||l like in learn
 
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|М||M||an m like in me
 
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|Н||N||an n like in no
 
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|Ң||ŋ||the sound that occurs at the end of words like ring. the use of ŋ is unambiguous and comes from the old Tyvan latin alphabet.
 
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|О||O||an o like in for
 
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|Ө||Ö||a bit like the 'ur' in sure
 
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|П||P||a strong p sound, because it's aspirated
 
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|Р||R||the r is trill, but not rolled like in spanish
 
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|С||S||a regular s like in so
 
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|Т||T||a t like in true, but between vowels it sounds more like a d
 
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|У||U||a u like the sound in moon
 
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|Ү||Ü||sounds a little like the e in 'ew'
 
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|Ф||F||an f like in for
 
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|Х||KH||like the ch at the end of scottish 'loch'. it's a kind of 'h' sound with a lot of friction.
 
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|Ц||TS||a ts like in 'its'
 
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|Ч||CH||the ch like in church
 
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|Ш||SH||the sh like in shoot
 
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|Щ||SHCH||a soft sh sound, like bunching together 'fresh cheese'
 
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|Ъ||`||tyvan has some vowels that are pharyngealized and this character is used to mark vowels with this quality
 
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|Ы||Y||sounds somewhere between the i in 'hid' and a u is 'uh'. do not round your lips like the u in 'moon'.
 
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|Ь||'||a character used in russian that palatizes the preceeding consonant. not used in tyvan but likely encountered.
 
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|Э||E||the e like in 'bed'
 
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|Ю||JU||the beginning of 'you'
 
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|Я||JA||like in 'yap'
 
|}
 

Revision as of 21:57, 14 December 2006

Тыва Дыл Kичээллер
Lesson 0 Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4

Tyva dyl lesson 1: Cyrillic letters and Transliteration

Copyright.png
by Stacey Borsody
All rights reserved

(Incomplete)

Tyvan is written in the Cyrillic alphabet with a few additional letters. This is a quick tutorial for learning Cyrillic. Most of the letters are based upon the Greek alphabet. A lot of them are familiar looking to users of the Latin alphabet since the Latin alphabet is related.

Letters that look and sound the same as their Latin counterparts: А Е К М О C Т

Letters that look the same but sound different: В H Р Ы Х

If you're familiar with Greek: Б Г Д З П Ф

Special Tyvan letters Ө Ү Ң