Difference between revisions of "Lesson 0"

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{{Lessons}}
 
{{Lessons}}
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'''Tyvan Lesson 0: Cyrillic letters and Spelling'''
 
{{Copyright|[[User:Sborsody|Stacey Borsody]]}}
 
{{Copyright|[[User:Sborsody|Stacey Borsody]]}}
A cyrillic-latin transliteration scheme for Tyvan presented by Stacey Borsody
 
  
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
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(<FONT COLOR=red>Incomplete</FONT>)
!Cyrillic !!Latin !!Description
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==Letters==
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Tyvan is written in the Cyrillic alphabet with a few additional letters.  This is a quick tutorial for learning Cyrillic.  Most of the letters are based upon the Greek alphabet.  Some letters may look familiar to users of the Latin alphabet since the Latin alphabet is related to the Greek alphabet.
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Letters that look and sound the same as their Latin counterparts:
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{| border=1 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=0
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|А а||Е е||К к||М м||О о||C с||Т т
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|}
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 +
Letters that look the same but sound different:
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{| border=1 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=0
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|В в||H н||Р р||У у||Х х
 
|-
 
|-
|А||A||ah, like in father
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|v||n||r||u||kh
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|}
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Letters that are recognizably from Greek:
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{| border=1 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=0
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|Г г||П п||Ф ф
 
|-
 
|-
|Б||B||unaspirated so it sounds somewhere between a p and a b.
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|g||p||f
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|}
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Special Tyvan letters added to Cyrillic:
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{| border=1 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=0
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|Ө ө||Ү ү||Ң ң
 
|-
 
|-
|В||V||v like in victory
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|ö||ü||ŋ
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|}
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The other letters:
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{| border=1 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=0
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|Б б||Д д||Ё ё||Ж ж||З з||И и||Й й||Ц ц||Ч ч||Ш ш||Щ щ||Ы ы||Э э||Ю ю||Я я
 
|-
 
|-
|Г||G||g like in good, but between vowels and at the end of words it becomes fricative, something like at the end of 'argh'
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|b||d||jo||zh||z||i||j||ts||ch||sh||shch||y||e||ju||ja
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|}
|Д||D||unaspirated so it sounds like a t
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|-
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The special hard and soft signs:
|Е||E||in russian this letter is palatized, kind of like in 'yea', but in tyvan it is for the 'eh' sound occurring in the middle of words
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{| border=1 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=0
|-
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|Ъ||Ь
|Ё||JO||a bit like 'yaw'
 
 
|-
 
|-
|Ж||ZH||like the s in measure
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|`||'
|-
 
|З||Z||like a z in zoo
 
|-
 
|И||I||like an i in hid
 
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|Й||J||like the y in yes, but written as j so as not to get confused with the unrounded back vowel y below
 
|-
 
|К||K||k like in kick
 
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|Л||L||l like in learn
 
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|М||M||an m like in me
 
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|Н||N||an n like in no
 
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|Ң||ŋ||the sound that occurs at the end of words like ring. the use of ŋ is unambiguous and comes from the old Tyvan latin alphabet.
 
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|О||O||an o like in for
 
|-
 
|Ө||Ö||a bit like the 'ur' in sure
 
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|П||P||a strong p sound, because it's aspirated
 
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|Р||R||the r is trill, but not rolled like in spanish
 
|-
 
|С||S||a regular s like in so
 
|-
 
|Т||T||a t like in true, but between vowels it sounds more like a d
 
|-
 
|У||U||a u like the sound in moon
 
|-
 
|Ү||Ü||sounds a little like the e in 'ew'
 
|-
 
|Ф||F||an f like in for
 
|-
 
|Х||KH||like the ch at the end of scottish 'loch'. it's a kind of 'h' sound with a lot of friction.
 
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|Ц||TS||a ts like in 'its'
 
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|Ч||CH||the ch like in church
 
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|Ш||SH||the sh like in shoot
 
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|Щ||SHCH||a soft sh sound, like bunching together 'fresh cheese'
 
|-
 
|Ъ||`||tyvan has some vowels that are pharyngealized and this character is used to mark vowels with this quality
 
|-
 
|Ы||Y||sounds somewhere between the i in 'hid' and a u is 'uh'. do not round your lips like the u in 'moon'.
 
|-
 
|Ь||'||a character used in russian that palatizes the preceeding consonant. not used in tyvan but likely encountered.
 
|-
 
|Э||E||the e like in 'bed'
 
|-
 
|Ю||JU||the beginning of 'you'
 
|-
 
|Я||JA||like in 'yap'
 
 
|}
 
|}
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==Spelling==

Latest revision as of 22:36, 16 January 2007

Тыва Дыл Kичээллер
Lesson 0 Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4

Tyvan Lesson 0: Cyrillic letters and Spelling

Copyright.png
by Stacey Borsody
All rights reserved

(Incomplete)

Letters

Tyvan is written in the Cyrillic alphabet with a few additional letters. This is a quick tutorial for learning Cyrillic. Most of the letters are based upon the Greek alphabet. Some letters may look familiar to users of the Latin alphabet since the Latin alphabet is related to the Greek alphabet.

Letters that look and sound the same as their Latin counterparts:

А а Е е К к М м О о C с Т т

Letters that look the same but sound different:

В в H н Р р У у Х х
v n r u kh

Letters that are recognizably from Greek:

Г г П п Ф ф
g p f

Special Tyvan letters added to Cyrillic:

Ө ө Ү ү Ң ң
ö ü ŋ

The other letters:

Б б Д д Ё ё Ж ж З з И и Й й Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ Ы ы Э э Ю ю Я я
b d jo zh z i j ts ch sh shch y e ju ja

The special hard and soft signs:

Ъ Ь
` '

Spelling