O

From TyvaWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Etymological Legend
Ch Chinese
CT Common Turkic
Kh Khalkha Mongolian
Khak Khakas
LM Literary Mongolian
LT Literary Tibetan
NE Northeastern Turkic
Rus Russian
Skt Sanskrit
  • oblast region; Moskva oblazï the region of Moscow.
  • očuldur- to translate.
  • očuldurukču translator.
  • očuldurukčula- to be translator, to work as a translator.
  • očuldurt- to let translate.
  • očuldurtun- to be translated.
  • očulduruš- to translate together.
  • očulga translation.
  • oda- to bake; to heat, to kindle. [<CT *o:ta-]
  • oda- [ohda-] to insult, to offend; to evoke rain by means of magic (using certain herbs). [cf. CT *ota-]
  • odaaškïn heating.
  • odaaškïn [ohdaaškïn] offence, insult.
  • odag hearth; bonfire; hunter’s camp; odag sal- to erect a bonfire. [<CT *otag]
  • odalga heating; bustug odalga heating with steam; odalga sezonu heating season.
  • odar [ohdar] pasture.
  • odar-belčiir pasture.
  • odarlat- [ohdarlat-] to pasture, to shepherd.
  • oduču sorcerer, sorceress.
  • odug awake, waking, not sleeping.
  • odun- (ottur) to wake up, to become awake. [<CT *odun-]
  • odur- [ohdur-] to cut through, to chop.
  • odurt- to go on a mountain slope.
  • odurt- [ohdurt-] to let cut through.
  • odurug path (in the mountains).
  • odurug [ohdurug] line, row, rank; murnuku odurug front-lines.
  • odurul- to be cut.
  • oduš small birchbark trough.
  • ogaan (western dial.) cf. nogaan green.
  • oglaa fearful, easily scared.
  • oglaŋay shaft of a carriage. [←Rus oglobli]
  • oglaŋna- to caress, to fondle; (of dogs) to fawn upon, to wag the tail; to lick up to, to lick somone’s boots.
  • oglaŋna- to trot.
  • ogu- to belch.
  • ogur- to roar, to bellow.
  • ok [ohk] arrow; bullet. [<CT *ok]
  • okkur swift; okkur aht swift horse.
  • okpaŋ-čikpeŋ (~ opaŋ-čipeŋ) smart, bright, sharp, lively.
  • okta truly, absolutely, perfectly, at all (only in negations); okta šïn eves it is not true at all.
  • okta- to load, to charge; boo okta- to load a gun; xolalarnï okta- to fill the cartridge-cases. [<CT *okta-]
  • okta- [ohkta-] to throw, to hurl, to fling, to cast; to beat, to win (at a sporting game); daš okta- to throw stones; to take a crap, to shit; granata okta- to throw a granate; kuduruk okta- to kick the bucket, to die (lit. to fling the tail).
  • oktaaškïn throw, throwing, casting.
  • oktargay universe, cosmos, world.
  • oktyabr October. [←Rus oktjabr’]
  • ol that, he, she, it; olar they, those; ooŋ of that, his, her, its; aŋaa (~ aa) to him, her, it; thither; onu that, him, her, it; ïnda at him, her, it; there; oon from him, her, it; thence, thereupon; olče ~ olduva to him, her, it; thither; oom that thing of mine; ooŋ that thing of yours; oozu that thing of him, her, theirs; oovus that thing of ours; ooŋar that thing of yours, you all; ol-dur that means; ol arazïnda among them; ol deerge anyway; ol doraan immediately; ol xeveer thus, in this way; ooŋ-bile kadï together with that; aŋaa ber give it to him; aŋaa užuražïr bis we will meat with him; ooŋ-bile kadï together with that; meŋee seeŋ ooŋ čerle taarïšpas-tïr that stuff of yours does not please me. [<CT *ol]
  • ol-bo a certain, this or another, some; several.
  • olarnïï theirs, belonging to them.
  • olbuk mattress, cushion, rug (to sit on).
  • olča use, a find, a catch; gain, profit, success, good luck; aŋčïlarnïŋ olčazï hunter’s catch; olarnïŋ ölčazï čüü bolgan? what is their catch? (i.e. what child was born to them, a boy or a girl?). [LM olĵa]
  • olčaan similar; likewise.
  • olčalïg advantageous, profitable, lucrative.
  • olur- to live, to be at a place, to sit; -(I)p olur (progressive/continuous); olurgaš (introducing direct speech). [<CT *olur-]
  • olurt- to make sit, to offer a seat; to put in prison; to plant (a tree); stol artïnda olurt- to make sit at the table.
  • olut the act of sitting; seat; ažïk čok olut sitting idle; xostug olut free place (to sit).
  • olutpay lazy, idle; olutpay kiži an idle person.
  • olutpayla- to be idle, withour work.
  • olutta- to be idle, withour work.
  • omaaš wooden spoon. [Khakas omaš]
  • omak merry, happy; lively, frisky.
  • omak people, nationality. [LM omoγ]
  • omakšï- to take courage.
  • on ten. [<CT *o:n]
  • onaag taxation, rating; production quota; opponent in wrestling.
  • onaalga lesson, assignment.
  • onaaš- to fit; to fall on (a day).
  • onča safe and sound, available, at hand (e.g. of livestock).
  • ončala- to check, to verify the presence (usually of livestock). [LM ončala-]
  • onu that; him, her; cf. ol that.
  • onza special, especially. [LM onča]
  • onzagay specific. [LM ončaγai]
  • you see, you know, well.
  • right, right side; oŋ xol right hand. [<CT *oŋ]
  • consiousness.
  • oŋ- to fade, to wither. [<CT *oŋ-]
  • oŋčok unconscious, unintentional, thoughtless; very; oŋčok kortkan kiži a very frightened person.
  • oŋga- to be thirsty, to want to drink.
  • oŋgak gap, hollow, groove, cavity, excavation; gaping, yawning; oŋgak üt gaping hole; oŋgak karaktar deep-lying eyes.
  • oŋgalčïk gap, hollow, groove, cavity, excavation.
  • oŋgar gap, hole, hollow, deepening. [LM ongqur]
  • oŋgar- to restore to consiousness.
  • oŋgarar- to become hollow, to deepen, to sink in (hole, cavity, eyes).
  • oŋgarart- to have restore to consiousness
  • oŋgašta- to hollow out.
  • oŋgat- to make thirsty.
  • oŋgay- (of a hole, wound) to gape, to yawn; to become hollow, to deepen, to sink in. [LM oŋγai-]
  • oŋgayt- to hollow out.
  • oŋgu trench, entrenchment; oŋgu dayïnï hand-to-hand fighting, combat in the trenches.
  • oŋuučal (of fabric) fadable, easily fading, discolouring.
  • oo stinking fluid (from marter-like animals); poison. [<CT *agu]
  • oo-xoran poison, poisonous; pungent, very salt.
  • ooda even if, although.
  • oodurba bran. [←Rus otrubi]
  • ook- (oogar) to get poisoned (e.g. of food products). [<CT *aguk-]
  • ool son; young of an animal; oglu his/her son; ool duŋma younger brother; oglunuŋ oglu grandson; adïg oglu bear cub; dagaa oglu chick (young chicken); kuš oglu nestling; xavan oglu piglet. [<CT *ogul]
  • oola- to go in a certain direction.
  • oola- to release a stinking liquid.
  • oolak small child. [<CT *oglak]
  • oolčugaš little boy.
  • ooldug having a son, sons, having young.
  • oon from him, her; thence, thereupon; cf. ol that.
  • oon-moon from here and there; from all sides.
  • ooŋ of that, him, her; cf. ol that.
  • ooŋuu his, hers; bo ton ooŋuu this garment is his, hers; ooŋuu-bile according to him, her; ooŋuu-bile bis šïn xödelgen-dir bis according to him, we acted right.
  • oor thief. [<CT *ogur]
  • oor- to break down.
  • oorga spine, back; mountain ridge; roof beam; oorga čünü spinal marrow; oorga söögü backbone. [<CT *oŋurtka]
  • oorgala- to warm the back (on a bonfire).
  • oorgalïg having a back; oorgalïg sanday chair.
  • oorgulaštïr thievish.
  • oorla- to steal, to be a thief, to rob, to pilfer. [<CT *ogurla-]
  • oorlaaškïn stealing, theft, pilfery.
  • oorlan- to steal, to be a thief.
  • oorlaš- to steal together; to steal from one another.
  • oorlat- (~ oorlattïr-) to let steal; to be robbed. [<CT *ogurlat-]
  • oortan from there, thence.
  • ooruk colar bone; the broad border of coloured ribbons, sewn onto the middle of the upper part of an old woman’s dress. [<CT *ogrug]
  • ooruk wretched.
  • ooržu thief; thieving; ooržu kiži thief.
  • ootpak burdock.
  • oozu that thing of him, her, it, theirs; cf. ol that.
  • oožum quiet, slow; quietly, slowly; Oožum Okean the Pacific.
  • oožurga- to become calm, to calm down. [LM aγuĵira-]
  • oožurgat- to make calm, to calm down.
  • op cunning, guile; ruse. [LM ob]
  • opčok mad, crazy, wild; opčok ok stray bullet.
  • optug cunning; dexterious.
  • opta- to be cunning; to deceive. [LM obla-]
  • or < olur; orar < olurar; orda < olurarda; organ < olurgan; cf. olur- to sit.
  • or- to tear; ora tïrt- to tear into pieces.
  • ora-soma ghost.
  • oraa- to wrap up, to wrap around; to wind around, to twine. [LM oriya-]
  • oraalga wrapper, cover, packing. [LM oriyalγa]
  • oraaš- to get into confusion (threads); to curl, to wind (of plants); to bother, to be importune.
  • oraaškak confused, tangled (of thread); obtrusive (of a person).
  • oraaškïn foot-binding (worn instead of socks).
  • oraaškïnna- to put on foot bindings.
  • oraaštïg obtrusive, importune; tricky, scheming; over-free, unduly familiar; oraaštïg aytïrïg tricky question; oraaštïg kiži over-free person.
  • oraaštïr- to make confused, tangled up (thread); to lash, to whip.
  • oraat- to make wrap up, wind around, twine.
  • oraattïn- (~ oraan-) to wind oneself around, to twine oneself around, to wrap oneself up.
  • oralakčï deputy, vice-.
  • oraldaš- to try, to strive.
  • oran country, state; earth, world; place, region; üstüü oran upper world; aldïï oran nether world; xün oranï paradise; aza oranï hell. [LM oron]
  • oran-delegey world. [LM oron + delekei]
  • oran- to snort (of horses).
  • oray late; oray küzün late in autumn. [LM oroi]
  • orayta- (of the day) to come to an end, to draw to a close, of the evening to fall; to be late, to stay too long; šak oraytay berdi it has become late already. [LM oroita-]
  • orba the rattle on a shaman’s drum.
  • orbak torn, holey (of clothes).
  • orbandï ice-hummock, block of ice. [cf. LM orbun]
  • ordu palace. [<CT *ordu]
  • orgaaday ginseng. [LM orqudui]
  • orgak improvident, quick and hastily done.
  • orgak [ohrgak] chronical disease.
  • organ organ; minniiškin organnar senses, organs of sense. [←Rus organ]
  • orgu [ohrgu] smooth, level; orgu čer plain.
  • orgulaaš plain, level spot.
  • orlan smart, lively, frisky, capable, adroit, bold; orlan kiži a smart person.
  • orluučal breakable.
  • orna- to change, to exchange, to barter. [<CT *orna-]
  • ornaaškïn exchange.
  • ornat- to have changed, exchanged, bartered.
  • ornukšut- to bury, to inter.
  • orta [ohrta] normally, as follows.
  • orta [orta ~ ohrta] there, at that place; then, at that time, moment; as soon as.
  • ortaa middle; Ortaa čöön čük the Middle-East; ortaakï being in the middle, middle-.
  • ortaa-mergen middle finger (in games).
  • ortalan- to stop fooling around, to calm down, to become sensible, to come to one’s senses.
  • ortan middle; bo aynïŋ ortan üyezinde in the middle of this month.
  • ortu middle; dün ortuzunda in the middle of the night; ortuzundan from among; ulustuŋ ortuzundan üngen maadïr a hero who stood up from among the people. [<CT *orto]
  • ortuluk island. [*ortuluk]
  • ortumak middle, medial, average; ortumaa-bile on average.
  • ortun middle; ortun akïzï the middle brother; ortun ool middle one of the sons.
  • ortun-kara dear one, beloved, sweetheart.
  • oru gadfly larva.
  • oruk journey; road, path; oruk aytïr sïldïs guiding star, lodestar; čer adanïŋ demir oruu underground, metro. [<CT *orok]
  • oruk cf. orbak torn, holey (of clothes).
  • orukta- to set out, to set off, to go on one’s way, to hit the road.
  • oruk-čečee plantain.
  • orun bed; place; ornunga in stead of. [<CT *orun]
  • orus Russian.
  • orusta- to speak Russian; orustap bilir siler be? do you know (speak) Russian?
  • os wind fallen wood; jam, obstruction in a river.
  • oskun- to drop, to let go of; to let slip; to lose; medel oskun- to faint away.
  • prediction.
  • oška- to kiss. [<CT *okša-]
  • ošta- to prophecy, to predict, to foretell, to betoken, to foreshadow, to herald.
  • ot fire. [<CT *o:t]
  • oht grass. [<CT *ot]
  • otčugaš flame, light; ïrakta otčugaš xïp tur a light is shining in the distance
  • ohtkar- to pasture cattle. [<CT *otkar-]
  • otkula- to kindle.
  • otryad section. [←Rus otrjad]
  • ohtta- to graze. [<CT *otla-]
  • ottug having fire; ottug dag volcano.
  • ottug-ïyaš matches.
  • ottug-terge automobile, car.
  • ottug-xeme motor ship.
  • ottuk (steel) flint; ottuk dergizi ~ bižek dergizi small strap for fastening the steel and knife to te belt. [CT *otluk]
  • ottul- to heat, to stoke; suugu ottul- to heat the oven; ottular čüül fuel; suuk ottular čüül fuel oil; kadïg ottular čüül solid fuel; ottular čüül kurlavïrï fuel resources.
  • ottur- to wake up, to awaken, to arouse.
  • otturt- to cause to or let wake up, awaken.
  • otturukču alarm clock.
  • ovaa obo (ceremonial pile of stones, usually erected on high places to honour mountain spirits); mound, kurgan; heap, stack, pile; ovaa dagï- to conduct a religious ceremony at an obo; ovaa saazïn pile of paper. [Oirat owaa, LM oboγa(n)]
  • ovaaday crown; the cone-shaped headgear of a lama.
  • ovaala- to form into a heap, to pile up; daštarnï ovaalap kaan s/he piled up the stones.
  • ovaalaaškïn the act of piling up.
  • ovaalan- to form a heap, pile.
  • ovaalančak like an obo, heap, pile; heaped up into a pile.
  • ovaalaš- to form into a heap, pile up together.
  • ovaalat- to let form into a heap, pile up.
  • ovaar- to pay attention to, to pay heed to, to notice, to note.
  • ovaarïmčalïg careful.
  • ovur attitude, manner, bearing. [LM obur]
  • ovuuzun slyness, cunning, guile, ruse, trickery, perfidy.
  • ovuuzunna- to be sly, cunning, to use guile, trickery.
  • ovuuzunnan- to pretend, to feign.
  • ovuuzunnug sly, cunning, full of guile, ruses, tricks.
  • ox oh!; ox čarazžïn! oh! how beautiful!
  • oxaay ~ oxalay well-well.
  • oy lowland, valley. [CT *o:y]
  • oy dun, isabel (horse coat). [<CT *oy]
  • oy anniversary. [LM oi]
  • oy (of a coat) light; oy ton light fur coat (made from sheep skin with the wool grown after the spring shearing); slight overcoat.
  • oy oh!; oy kančaarïŋ ol?! oh, what have you done?!; kažarïn körem oy oh, how cunning s/he is!
  • oy- to hit through, to hit a hole into, to pierce. [CT *o:y-]
  • oy- to walk around, to circumvent; xayanï oya bergen bis we circumvented the cliff.
  • oyaar similar,resembling; iyezi-le oyaar urug-dur it is a girl resembling her mother.
  • oyaktal- to seclude oneself, to retire from; to avoid, to shun; ulustan oyaktal- to shun people.
  • oyalïk glade, clearing.
  • oybak hole, opening.
  • oybun blot, stain; spot, patch (on animal’s coat).
  • oyda-kayda garrulous, talkative.
  • oyla- to chase away, to drive away.
  • oymak glade, light spot in the woods. [<NE *oymak]
  • oyna- to play, to joke. [<CT *oyna-]
  • oynaar-kïs doll.
  • oynaarak toy; doll.
  • oynakčï player; actor.
  • oyt oh!; oyt kančaarïŋ ol! oh, what is it you are doing!
  • oyta düš- to go back on one’s promise, to retract one’s promise; to suddenly turn back.
  • oytala- to refuse.
  • oytay- to lean back.
  • oytayt- to throw back, to fold back, to retract.
  • oytur okta- to throw one down on both shoulder blades (in wrestling).
  • oyuk hole, gap.
  • oyul- to be pierced.
  • oyulgan ulcer.
  • oyun game, play. [<CT *oyun]
  • oyun-baštak joke, game.
  • oyundak patch, scrap (of fabric), plot (of land).
  • oyunzak playful.
  • oyus- (oyzur, oyuzar) to go past, to pass by; to call by another name, to employ a taboo name; börünü kokay dep oyzup adaar they call the wolf kokay as a taboo name.
  • oyuš- to distort, to bend.
  • ozal slow, hesitatingly.
  • ozala- to be slow, to be hesitant.
  • ozalaaš aside; ol turlag oruktan ozalaaš that camp aside from the road.
  • ozalda- to be too late for; ol čïïštan ozalda- to be too late for that meeting.
  • ozaldïg dangerous.
  • ozaŋ wind fallen wood; obstruction in a river.
  • ozuk pickaxe, hoe.
  • ozukta- to hoe, to work with a hoe.
  • ozuruk rootlets (of a bulbous plant).
  • ožaa- to notice, to note, to mark.
  • ožuk trivet, tripod to cook upon. [<CT *o:čok hearth]
  • ožuk [ohžuk] snow (on the branches of a tree).