O

From TyvaWiki
Revision as of 15:48, 3 March 2006 by Umay (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
  • očuldur- to translate.
  • očuldurukču translator.
  • oda- to bake; to heat, to kindle. [<CT *o:ta-]
  • oda- [ohda-] to insult.
  • odaaškïn [ohdaaškïn] offence.
  • odag hearth. [<CT *otag]
  • odar [ohdar] pasture.
  • odar-belčiir pasture.
  • odarlat- [ohdarlat-] to pasture, to shepherd.
  • oduču sorcerer, sorceress.
  • odug awake, waking, not sleeping.
  • odun- (ottur) to wake up, to become awake. [<CT *odun-]
  • odur- [ohdur-] to cut through, to chop.
  • odurt- to go on a mountain slope.
  • odurt- [ohdurt-] to let cut through.
  • odurug path (in the mountains).
  • odurug [ohdurug] line, row, rank; murnuku odurug front-lines.
  • odurul- to be cut.
  • oduš small birchbark trough.
  • oglaa fearful, easily scared.
  • oglaŋay shaft of a carriage. [←Rus oglobli]
  • ogur- to roar, to bellow.
  • ok [ohk] arrow; bullet. [<CT *ok]
  • okkur swift.
  • okpaŋ-čikpeŋ (~ opaŋ-čipeŋ) smart, bright, sharp, lively.
  • okta truly, absolutely, perfectly, at all (only in negations); okta šïn eves it is not true at all.
  • okta- to load, to charge; boo okta- to load a gun; xolalarnï okta- to fill the cartridge-cases. [<CT *okta-]
  • okta- [ohkta-] to throw, to hurl, to fling, to cast; to beat, to win (at a sporting game); daš okta- to throw stones; to take a crap, to shit; granata okta- to throw a granate; kuduruk okta- to kick the bucket, to die (lit. to fling the tail).
  • oktaaškïn throw, throwing, casting.
  • oktargay universe, world.
  • ol that; he; she; it; olar they, those; ol-dur that means; ol-bo a certain, this or another, some; several; ol deerge anyway; ol doraan immediately; ol xeveer thus, in this way; onu that, him, her, it; oon from that, him, her, it; thereupon; oon-moon from all sides; ooŋ of that, him, her, it; ooŋ-bile kadï together with that; oozu (< oluzu) his, hers; olarnïï theirs, belonging to them. [<CT *ol]
  • olbuk mattress, cushion, rug (to sit on).
  • olča use, a find, a catch; gain, profit, success, good luck; aŋčïlarnïŋ olčazï hunter’s catch; olarnïŋ ölčazï čüü bolgan? what is their catch? (i.e. what child was born to them, a boy or a girl?). [LM olĵa]
  • olčaan similar; likewise.
  • olčalïg advantageous, profitable, lucrative.
  • olur- to live, to be at a place, to sit; -(I)p olur- progressive; olurgaš introduction of direct speech. [<CT *olur-]
  • olut the act of sitting; seat; ažïk čok olut sitting idle; xostug olut free place (to sit).
  • olutpay lazy, idle; olutpay kiži an idle person.
  • olutpayla- (~ olutta-) to be idle, withour work.
  • omaaš wooden spoon. [Khakas omaš]
  • omak merry, happy; lively, frisky.
  • omak people, nationality. [LM omoγ]
  • on ten. [<CT *o:n]
  • onaalga lesson, assignment.
  • onaaš- to fit; to fall on (a day).
  • ončala- to check, to verify the presence (usually of livestock). [LM ončala-]
  • onu that; him, her; cf. ol that.
  • onza special, especially. [LM onča]
  • onzagay specific. [LM ončaγai]
  • you see, you know, well.
  • right, right side; oŋ xol right hand. [<CT *oŋ]
  • consiousness.
  • oŋ- to fade, to wither. [<CT *oŋ-]
  • oŋgar- to restore to consiousness.
  • oŋgašta- to hollow out.
  • oo stinking fluid (from marter-like animals); poison. [<CT *agu]
  • oo emphatic particle; ritual discourse marker found in tales.
  • oo-daa öske etcetera, and so on.
  • oo-xoran poison, poisonous; pungent, very salt.
  • ooda even if, although.
  • oodurba bran. [←Rus otrubi]
  • ook- (oogar) to get poisoned (e.g. of food products). [<CT *aguk-]
  • ool son; young of an animal; oglu his/her son; oglu akïzï elder brother; ool duŋma younger brother; oglunuŋ oglu grandson; adïg oglu bear cub; dagaa oglu chick (young chicken); kuš oglu nestling. [<CT *ogul]
  • oola- to go in a certain direction.
  • oola- to release a stinking liquid.
  • oolak small child. [<CT *oglak]
  • oolčugaš little boy.
  • ooldug having a son, sons, young.
  • oon from that, him, her; thereupon; cf. ol that.
  • ooŋ of that, him, her; cf. ol that.
  • oor thief. [<CT *ogur]
  • oor- to break down.
  • oorga spine, back; mountain ridge; roof beam; oorga čünü spinal marrow. [<CT *oŋurtka]
  • oorgala- to warm the back (on a bonfire).
  • oorgalïg having a back; oorgalïg sanday chair.
  • oorgulaštïr thievish.
  • oorla- to steal, to be a thief, to rob, to pilfer. [<CT *ogurla-]
  • oorlaaškïn stealing, theft, pilfery.
  • oorlan- to steal, to be a thief.
  • oorlaš- to steal together; to steal from one another.
  • oorlat- (~ oorlattïr-) to let steal; to be robbed. [<CT *ogurlat-]
  • oortan from there, thence.
  • ooruk colar bone. [<CT *ogrug]
  • ooruk wretched.
  • ooržu thief; thieving.
  • ootpak burdock.
  • oozu this of him, her, it, his, hers, its; cf. ol that.
  • oožum quiet, slow; quietly, slowly; Oožum Okean the Pacific.
  • op cunning, guile; ruse. [LM ob]
  • opčok mad, crazy, wild; opčok ok stray bullet.
  • optug cunning; dexterious.
  • opta- to be cunning; to deceive. [LM obla-]
  • or < olur-; orar < olurar; orda < olurarda; organ < olurgan; cf. olur- to sit.
  • or- to tear; ora tïrt- to tear into pieces.
  • ora-soma ghost.
  • oraa- to wrap up, to wrap around; to wind around, to twine. [LM oriya-]
  • oraalga wrapper, cover, packing. [LM oriyalγa]
  • oraaš- to get into confusion (threads); to curl, to wind (of plants); to bother, to be importune.
  • oraaškak confused, tangled (of thread); obtrusive (of a person).
  • oraaškïn foot-binding (worn instead of socks).
  • oraaškïnna- to put on foot bindings.
  • oraaštïg obtrusive, importune; tricky, scheming; over-free, unduly familiar; oraaštïg aytïrïg tricky question; oraaštïg kiži over-free person.
  • oraaštïr- to make confused, tangled up (thread); to lash, to whip.
  • oraat- to make wrap up, wind around, twine.
  • oraattïn- (~ oraan-) to wind oneself around, to twine oneself around, to wrap oneself up.
  • oralakčï deputy, vice-.
  • oraldaš- to try, to strive.
  • oran country, state. [LM orun]
  • oran-delegey world. [Mo]
  • oran- to snort (of horses).
  • oray late; oray küzün late in autumn. [LM oroi]
  • orba the rattle on a shaman’s drum.
  • orbak torn, holey (of clothes); cf. oruk.
  • orbandï ice-hummock, block of ice. [cf. LM orbun]
  • ordu palace. [<CT *ordu]
  • orgaaday ginseng. [LM orqudui]
  • orgak improvident, quick and hastily done.
  • orgak [ohrgak] chronical disease.
  • organ organ; minniiškin organnar senses, organs of sense. [←Rus]
  • orgu [ohrgu] smooth, level.
  • orgulaaš plain, level spot.
  • orlan smart, lively, frisky, capable, adroit, bold; orlan kiži a smart person.
  • orluučal breakable.
  • orna- to change, to exchange, to barter. [<CT *orna-]
  • ornaaškïn exchange.
  • ornat- to have changed, exchanged, bartered.
  • ornukšut- to bury, to inter.
  • orta [ohrta] normally, as follows.
  • orta [orta ~ ohrta] there, at that place; then, at that time, moment; as soon as.
  • ortaa middle; Ortaa čöön čük the Middle-East; ortaakï being in the middle, middle-.
  • ortaa-mergen middle finger (in games).
  • ortu middle; dün ortuzunda in the middle of the night; ortuzundan from among; ulustuŋ ortuzundan üngen maadïr a hero who stood up from among the people. [<CT *orto]
  • ortuluk island. [*ortuluk]
  • ortun middle; ortun akïzï the middle brother.
  • ortumak middle, medial, average; ortumaa-bile on average.
  • ortun middle; ortun akïzï the middle brother; ortun ool middle one of the sons.
  • ortun-kara dear one, beloved, sweetheart.
  • oru gadfly larva.
  • oruk journey; road, path; oruk aytïr sïldïs guiding star, lodestar; čer adanïŋ demir oruu underground, metro. [<CT *orok]
  • oruk cf. orbak torn, holey (of clothes).
  • oruk-čečee plantain.
  • orun bed; place; ornunga in stead of. [<CT *orun]
  • orus Russian.
  • os wind fallen wood; jam, obstruction in a river.
  • oskun- to drop, to let go of; to let slip; to lose; medel oskun- to faint away.
  • prediction.
  • oška- to kiss. [<CT *okša-]
  • oškaš similar, alike. [<CT *okšaš]
  • ot fire. [<CT *o:t]
  • oht grass. [<CT *ot]
  • otčugaš flame, light.
  • ohtkar- to pasture cattle. [<CT *otkar-]
  • otkula- to kindle.
  • otryad section. [←Rus otrjad]
  • ohtta- to graze. [<CT *otla-]
  • ottug having fire; ottug dag volcano.
  • ottug-ïyaš matches.
  • ottuk (steel) flint; ottuk dergizi ~ bižek dergizi small strap for fastening the steel and knife to te belt. [CT *otluk]
  • ottul- to heat, to stoke; suugu ottul- to heat the oven; ottular čüül fuel; suuk ottular čüül fuel oil; kadïg ottular čüül solid fuel; ottular čüül kurlavïrï fuel resources.
  • ottur- to wake up, to awaken, to arouse.
  • otturt- to cause to or let wake up, awaken.
  • otturukču alarm clock.
  • ovaa heap, mound; ceremonial pile. [LM oboγa(n)]
  • ovaarïmčalïg careful.
  • ovur attitude, manner, bearing.
  • oxaay well-well.
  • oy lowland, valley. [CT *o:y]
  • oy dun, isabel (horse coat). [<CT *oy]
  • oy anniversary. [LM oi]
  • oy (of a coat) light; oy ton light fur coat (made from sheep skin with the wool grown after the spring shearing); slight overcoat.
  • oy oh!; oy kančaarïŋ ol?! oh, what have you done?!; kažarïn körem oy oh, how cunning s/he is!
  • oy- to hit through, to hit a hole into, to pierce. [CT *o:y-]
  • oy- to walk around.
  • oybak hole, opening.
  • oybun blot, stain; spot, patch (on animal’s coat).
  • oyda-kayda garrulous, talkative.
  • oyla- to chase away, to drive away.
  • oymak glade, light spot in the woods. [<NE *oymak]
  • oyna- to play, to joke. [<CT *oyna-]
  • oynaarak toy; doll.
  • oynaarkïs doll.
  • oyt oh!; oyt kančaarïŋ ol! oh, what are you doing!
  • oytala- to refuse.
  • oytay- to lean back.
  • oytayt- to throw back, to fold back, to retract.
  • oytur okta- to throw one down on both shoulder blades (in wrestling).
  • oyuk hole, gap.
  • oyulgan ulcer.
  • oyun game, play. [<CT *oyun]
  • oyun-baštak joke, game.
  • oyunčak playful.
  • oyuš- to distort, to bend.
  • ozal slow, hesitatingly.
  • ozala- to be slow, to be hesitant.
  • ozalda- to be too late for; ol čïïstan ozalda- to be too late for that meeting.
  • ozaldïg dangerous.
  • ozaŋ wind fallen wood; obstruction in a river.
  • ozuk pickaxe, hoe.
  • ozuruk rootlets (of a bulbous plant).
  • ožuk trivet, tripod to cook upon. [<CT *o:čok hearth]
  • ožuk [ohžuk] snow (on the branches of a tree).