Transliteration

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Revision as of 06:11, 13 December 2006 by Sborsody (talk | contribs) (transliteration for hard and soft signs changed per other standard cyrillic transliterations)
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A cyrillic-latin transliteration scheme for Tyvan presented by Stacey Borsody

Cyrillic Latin Description
А A ah, like in father
Б B unaspirated so it sounds somewhere between a p and a b.
В V v like in victory
Г G g like in good, but between vowels and at the end of words it becomes fricative, something like at the end of 'argh'
Д D unaspirated so it sounds like a t
Е E in russian this letter is palatized, kind of like in 'yea', but in tyvan it is for the 'eh' sound occurring in the middle of words
Ё JO a bit like 'yaw'
Ж ZH like the s in measure
З Z like a z in zoo
И I like an i in hid
Й J like the y in yes, but written as j so as not to get confused with the unrounded back vowel y below
К K k like in kick
Л L l like in learn
М M an m like in me
Н N an n like in no
Ң ŋ the sound that occurs at the end of words like ring. the use of ŋ is unambiguous and comes from the old Tyvan latin alphabet.
О O an o like in for
Ө Ö a bit like the 'ur' in sure
П P a strong p sound, because it's aspirated
Р R the r is trill, but not rolled like in spanish
С S a regular s like in so
Т T a t like in true, but between vowels it sounds more like a d
У U a u like the sound in moon
Ү Ü sounds a little like the e in 'ew'
Ф F an f like in for
Х KH like the ch at the end of scottish 'loch'. it's a kind of 'h' sound with a lot of friction.
Ц TS a ts like in 'its'
Ч CH the ch like in church
Ш SH the sh like in shoot
Щ SHCH a soft sh sound, like bunching together 'fresh cheese'
Ъ ` tyvan has some vowels that are pharyngealized and this character is used to mark vowels with this quality
Ы Y sounds somewhere between the i in 'hid' and a u is 'uh'. do not round your lips like the u in 'moon'.
Ь ' a character used in russian that palatizes the preceeding consonant. not used in tyvan but likely encountered.
Э E the e like in 'bed'
Ю JU the beginning of 'you'
Я JA like in 'yap'