U

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Etymological Legend
Ch Chinese
CT Common Turkic
Kh Khalkha Mongolian
Khak Khakas
LM Literary Mongolian
LT Literary Tibetan
NE Northeastern Turkic
Rus Russian
Skt Sanskrit
  • udaa time, instance; čaŋgïs udaa once; kaš udaa a couple of times; udaa-daraa often. [LM udaγa]
  • udavaanda soon.
  • udavas soon. [cf. LM uda- to tarry]
  • udazïn thread. [LM utasu(n)]
  • udu- (uduur) to sleep. [<CT *udu-]
  • uduk gain, prize (in a game).
  • udumzura- to dream, to slumber.
  • udur [uhdur] opposite, against-; čonga udur against the people; erdemge udur anti-science; šažïnga udur anti-revolutionary; xatka udur against the wind. [<CT *utru]
  • udurlan- to oppose, to resist; bis ol sanalga udurlanïr bis we are opposed to that assumption.
  • udurlanïïškïn opposition, resistance.
  • udurtukču leader. [LM uduriduγči]
  • udurtulga leadership, direction. [LM uduridulγa]
  • uduučaŋna- to pretend to be asleep.
  • ug- (uur) to raise, to elevate.
  • ug- (uur) to grind. [<CT *ub-]
  • ugaan wisdom, intelligence, intellect. [LM uqaγan]
  • ugaannïg wise, intelligent, bright.
  • ugba elder sister, aunt.
  • ugbaškï (~ ugbaškïlar ~ ugbalïškïlar) sisters.
  • ugdun- cf. uuttun- to raise.
  • ugla- to point to, to direct to.
  • uglanïïškïn direction, tendency.
  • ugulza (~ uulza) pattern, ornament, decoration. [LM uγalĵa ~ uγulĵa]
  • ugulzala- to decorate, to apply an ornament. [LM uγulĵala-]
  • ugulzalančak patterned, decorated.
  • ugulzalat- to let decorate, apply an ornament.
  • ugulzalïg decorated, with ornaments.
  • ugut- to preach, to sermonize; to propagate, to campaign, to carry on propaganda.
  • uk sock, stocking.
  • uk origin; at present, of the present; above-mentioned, aforementioned. [LM ]
  • ukta- to originate, to arise, to trace to, to find out.
  • ula- to join, to link, to connect, to tie up. [<CT *ula-]
  • ulag relay (horse). [<CT *ulag]
  • ulaan-ot measles. [LM ulaγanud]
  • ulam more, still. [CT *ulam, LM ulam]
  • ulamčïla- to continue with, to prolong, to extend. [LM ulamĵila-]
  • ular grouse, woodcock. [<CT *ular]
  • ulaš- to join, link, connect, tie up together. [<CT *ulaš-]
  • ulču- to walk around, to roam, to loaf about.
  • ulčumal vagrant, restless.
  • ulčut- to let walk around, roam, loaf about.
  • ulduŋ sole (of a boot). [<CT *ultoŋ]
  • ulduŋ a fourth part, a quarter.
  • uldur- to cook meat in large quantities.
  • uldur- [uhldur-] to sew.
  • ulduruk wolf (pejorative).
  • ulgat- to grow, to expand; to rise (water); to grow up; to grow old. [<CT *ulgad-]
  • ulu- to howl (wolves, dogs). [<CT *u:lï-, LM uli-]
  • ulug big, large, great; eldest, grown up, adult; Ulug Xem Yenissei; ulug ulus adult, grown up; ulug kiži grown-up person, adult; uluu bigness, greatness, size. [<CT *ulug]
  • ulug-ergek thumb.
  • ulug-xün sunday.
  • ulus people, nation, folk; Sovet ulus Sovet people; ulus respublika people’s republic; ulustar arazïnïŋ politikazï international politics. [LM ulus]
  • ulusču popular, people’s, national; ulusču partiya people’s party.
  • uluurga- to behave in a haughty manner, to be conceited.
  • uluurgak haughty, arrogant, conceited; uluurgak kiži arrogant person; uluurgak ayan a haughty fashion; uluurgak čoruk haughtiness, arrogance.
  • uluurgattïn- to behave in a haughty manner, to be conceited.
  • un stem, stalk; river valley, river bed.
  • undargay sad.
  • ur- to strew, to scatter.
  • ur- to saddle; ezer ur- to saddle (a horse), to put a saddle (on a horse’s back). [<CT *ur-]
  • uran masterly, artful. [LM uran]
  • uran-čüül art.
  • uru excrescence (on a tree or on the body), tumour, swelling. [LM ur]
  • urug child, girl; kïs urug girl; ool urug boy; uruunuŋ uruu grandchild (lit. one’s child’s child). [<CT *urug]
  • urug-darïg children, descendants. [<CT *urug-tarïg]
  • uruk lasso pole. [<CT *uruk]
  • uržuk reason, cause; consequences, result, outcome.
  • us master, artisan; crafty, skillful. [<CT *uz]
  • us- to scoop. [<CT *suz-]
  • us-tïvïščï artisan, merchant, industrialist.
  • uskuuš saddle-cloth.
  • end, sharp. [<CT *u:č]
  • uš- (užar) to fly; duruyaalar murnuu čükče užup bar čorlar the cranes are flying south; užar čüül aviation, air-; užar čüül xünü aviation day. [<CT **uč-]
  • uš- (užar) to fall; to sink; to get drunk.
  • uškar- to seat someone in front or behind one on the horse.
  • uškaš- of two people to ride on one horse, to sit down behind someone.
  • uštun- to fall out, to fall off, to come off; to protrude, to stick out; to become free of, to get rid of; ooŋ börgü uštuna bergen his/her hat fell off; örgeniŋ bažï üŋgürden uštünup kelgen the head of the ground squirel peeped out from the hole; duguy özeenden uštuna bergen the wheel came off from its axle.
  • ut- [uht-] (udar) to win. [<CT *ut-]
  • ut- [uttur] to forget. [<CT *unït-]
  • utka composition, structure, meaning.
  • utku- to meet, to receive.
  • utkulga meeting.
  • utkuštur towards.
  • uttuučal forgetful, absent-minded.
  • uttun(dur)- to forget.
  • uttur- to lose; xöl-šïdïraaga uttur- to lose at chess.
  • uu-čak thanks sonny! (said by grown-ups towards children).
  • uulza cf. ugulza pattern, ornament, decoration.
  • uurak cf. aa biestings, colostrum. [LM uγuraγ]
  • uurgay storage pit (for grain); mine, pit. [LM aγurqai]
  • uušta- to rumple, to crumple, to knead (leather); to mash (ears of grain); to shell, to peel, to husk (grain).
  • uuttun- to raise; cf. ugdun-.
  • uva-šeezey (~ uvaa-šeezey ~ uvaa šezek) ring finger, fourth finger.
  • uya nest; kuš uyazï bird’s nest; uya tut- to build a nest. [<CT *uya]
  • uyala- to build a nest. [<CT *uyala-]
  • uyalan- to resemble a nest (of wool, hair).
  • uyalančak ?nesting.
  • uyan soft (metal); weak (character); sad, doleful, wistful (songs); uyan ïr sentimental song. [LM uyan]
  • uyara- to be sad, to grieve, to be cast down, dejected. [LM uyara-]
  • uyarat- to make sad, to cause to be cast down, dejected.
  • uygu sleep; dream. [<CT *udïku]
  • uyguzura- to want to sleep.
  • uygužu sleepy; sleepyhead.
  • uyo moan, groan, sigh (expression of pain).
  • uyo-čovuur moan, groan.
  • uyola- to moan, groan, sigh.
  • uza- to be long, to become long. [<CT *uza-]
  • uzak long; far; uzak aht horse that can run a long distance. [<CT *uzak]
  • uzat- to make long(er), to lengthen. [<CT *uzat-]
  • uzun long. [<CT *uzun]
  • uzutkattïn- to be destroyed.
  • snake, adder. [←Rus ]
  • uža hind part of an animal; the fat tail of a sheep. [<CT *u:ča]
  • užar waterfall. [<CT *učar]
  • užar-saazïn kite (toy).
  • užar-xeme airplane; cf. samolyot.
  • užudukču pilot.
  • užuduuškun flight.
  • užuk thread in a needle.
  • užuk milk (of goat, sheep) which remains after feeding the young.
  • užuk- to fly away.
  • užul- (uštur) to take away; to undress.
  • užun for the reason of, because; mooŋ užun because of this; ooŋ užun because of, that’s why. [<CT *üčün]
  • užur idea, meaning, sense; cause, reason, purport, motive; norm; fate; essence, gist; need; matter; užurga tavïrïš- to be compelled; mooŋ užurundan because of this; ooŋ užurunda therefore. [LM učur]
  • užur- to cut down, to fell (tree). [<CT *učur-]
  • užur-duza meaning; role, influence.
  • užur-duzalïg significant.
  • užuraš- to meet; to smoke drugs, marihuana. [cf. LM učira-]
  • užuražïïškïn the meeting.
  • užurlug necessary, obligated.
  • užut- to make fly.