Difference between revisions of "B"
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*'''baalïk''' saddle shaped mountain.
*'''baalïk''' saddle shaped mountain.
*'''baalïŋ''' enamel. [LM ''palang'' ←Ch]
*'''baalïŋ''' enamel. [LM ''palang'' ←Ch]
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*'''bïžïrt-''' to let cook, bake, broil, roast. [<CT ''*bïšurt-'']
*'''bïžïrt-''' to let cook, bake, broil, roast. [<CT ''*bïšurt-'']
*'''bïžït-''' to make stronger, to strengthen, to consolidate; '''Sovyet Evileliniŋ küčüzün bïžït-''' to consolidate the power of the Sovet Union.
*'''bïžït-''' to make stronger, to strengthen, to consolidate; '''Sovyet Evileliniŋ küčüzün bïžït-''' to consolidate the power of the Sovet Union.
*'''bödene''' quail. [LM ''büdüne'']
*'''bödene''' quail. [LM ''büdüne'']
*'''bödey''' poor; dilapidated, old; '''bödey ög''' dilapidated house.
*'''bödey''' poor; dilapidated, old; '''bödey ög''' dilapidated house.
Revision as of 17:34, 27 February 2008
- baalïk saddle shaped mountain.
- baalïŋ enamel. [LM palang ←Ch]
- baar liver; baar aarïï liver disease; baar ehdi diaphragm; baarï ažï- to be very upset; baarïnïŋ ödü bolgan dearly loved. [<CT *bagïr]
- baarï frontside; dag baarï the front of a mountain; tayganïŋ baarïnda in the front part of the tayga; meeŋ baarïmda in front of me.
- baarlïg having a liver (as the seat of the emotions); kara-baarlïg hard-hearted; sook-baarlïg cold-hearted; čïlïg baarlïg warm-hearted, kind. [<CT *bagïrlïg]
- baartak counter.
- baartïk apron. (←Rus fartuk ←Pol ←Ger Vortuch)
- baarzïk cf. kara-baarzïk thrush, starling.
- baarzïk pancreas gland. [<CT *bagïrsok]
- baažï(zï) simulation, pretence; cunning, slyness, guile, craft; ruse; hint (to the answer of a riddle). [cf. LM bači]
- bačïda- to hurry, to be in a hurry, to make haste, to rush; to fusss, to bustle; to worry or bother oneself; to become more ill; aarïg kiži bačïdap tur the patient’s condition worsened.
- bačïdaaškïn serious condition, crisis.
- bačïm urgent, pressing; hasty, hurried; bustling, given to fussing; strained, tense, difficult; sultry; confusion, turmoil, bustle; bačïm ažïl urgent work; bačïm čoruk urgent journey; bačïm üye difficult time. [LM bačim]
- bačïmna- to hurry, to be in a hurry, to make haste, to rush; to fuss, to bustle; to worry or bother oneself. [cf. LM bačïmda-]
- bačït sin, evil. [LM barčit ←LT]
- badïla- [bahdïla] to vote; to approve, to confirm, to affirm; to register. [LM batula-]
- badïlaaškïn [bahdïlaaškïn] vote; approval, confirmation; registration.
- badïlal vote; approval, confirmation; (marriage) registration.
- badïlaš- to vote together; to approve or confirm together; to register one’s marriage.
- badïlažïïškïn (marriage) registration, marriage ceremony, wedding.
- badïr- to bring down, to lower; to reduce; to degrade; to float; to perform a song; (of children) to cry; xuuŋnu kudukče badïr- to lower the pail in the well; sug badïr- to drain off water; örtek badïr- to lower the price; kudu badïr- to send down from the mountain into the valley, or downstream; badïrïvït če! come on, sing! [<CT *batur-]
- badïrtïr- to let bring down, lower, reduce, degrade, float, sing.
- badïtka- [bahdïtka-] to confirm. [LM batudqa-]
- badïtkal confirmation, proof.
- bag strap, thong, belt; lasso; tie, leash, tether; bag kur leather strap, leather belt; bagda on the leash, tether. [<CT *ba:g]
- bagana column, pillar, post, pole. [LM baγana]
- bagay [bahgay] bad, ugly; not sufficient, not satisfying; poor; bagay xeme bad boat; bagay ažïl unsatisfactory work; bagay agaar bad weather.
- bagay-sogay [bahgay-sohgay] bad, unimportant.
- bagla- to tie, to bind; snop bagla- to bind sheaves; xoldarïn bagla- to tie one’s hands. [<CT *ba:gla-]
- baglaaš tie, strap; aht baglaažï horse reins.
- baglakčï binder (of sheaves).
- baglan- to tie oneself. [<CT *ba:glan-]
- baglaš- to tie together; to be tied in a knot, (of a knot) to be tightened.
- baglat- to let tie; to be tied. [<CT *ba:glan-]
- bak [bahk] bad, evil; negligent; unfortunate; weak; bak kiži bad person; bak aažï bad habits; bak čaŋna- to treat badly; bakka sug- to defame, to villify.
- bak-sok [bahk-sohk] unimportant, rather bad; bak-sok čüveler goods and chattels, belongings.
- bakïla- [bakkïla-] to throw a glance, to peep in.
- bakka-sokka hardly, barely.
- baksïra- to become worse; to grow weak; to wear out, to be used up; agaar baksïraan the weather turned worse.
- bakta- to scold, to abuse, to criticize, to slander, to discredit, to calumniate.
- baktaa- [bahktaa-] to form, to be part of, to be a member of; komissiyanïŋ sostavïnga baktaap kir- to become member of the committee. [LM baγta-]
- baktaaškïn the act of becoming a part or member of.
- baktaaškïn swearing, bad language, slander, calumny.
- baktat- to be scolded, slandered, discredited.
- bala fault; harm, damage; bo seeŋ balaŋ this is your fault! balazï-bile through someone’s fault.
- bala pestle.
- bala graphite; that which stains (of metals). [LM bala]
- bala- to erase, to blot out, to obliterate; to cross out, to strike out. [LM balala-]
- balaaš eraser, rubber.
- balalïg causing damage, harmful.
- balalïg stained, soiled (of metals).
- balančak small child.
- balar slime, mire, silt. [cf. Khak balïr]
- balar former, ex, old. [LM balar]
- balara- to have aching muscles.
- balaš- to obliterate one another.
- balaš- to soil each other, to make each other dirty.
- balat- to let erase, blot out; to let cross out, to strike out.
- baldï [bahldï] axe. [<CT *balto, LM balta]
- baldïr [bahldïr] calf of the leg; money; baldïrï dïŋzïg rich, prosperous, well-to-do. [<CT *baltïr]
- balïg wound; scab; balïg kiži wounded person. [<CT *ba:lïg]
- balïgla- to injure, to wound; of a wound to occur. [<NE *balïgla-]
- balïglaaškïn wound, injury, wounding.
- balïglat- to be wounded, to get wounded.
- balïglattïr- to be wounded, to get wounded.
- balïïrgan- to feel pain (of a wound), to be sensitive to pain.
- balïk fish; sööktüg balïk ide (carp); balïk tïvïïškïn fishing, the catching of fish; balïk münü fish soup; balïk üzü fish oil; balïk üürgenezi fish roe. [<CT *ba:lïk]
- balïkčï fisherman. [<CT *ba:lïkčï]
- balïkta- to fish, to catch fish.
- balïktïg rich in fish, teeming with fish; balïktïg xöl lake rich in fish. [<CT *ba:lïklïg]
- bar there is, present; ïndïg dürüm bar there is such a regulation; mende ol nom bar I have that book. [<CT *ba:r]
- bar [< baar] going; ahttïg ulus bar čïdïr the horsemen moved away. [< *barar]
- bar- (baar) to go, to go a way, to leave, to part; -(I)p bar- auxiliary verb indicating ‘being in a situation’; -(I)p bar čït- to go to, to go away; men čoruy bardïm I left; aht maŋnap čoruy bargan the horse had run away; közülbeyn bar- to be invisible; kančap bardïŋ? what is the matter with you?; ašakka bar- (of a woman) to marry; bažï-bile bar- to be lacking, missing, lost; baardï s/he went. [<CT *bar-]
- bar-čok scanty, small, trifle.
- bar-čoktug scanty, small, trifle.
- bara fish-trap. [cf. Khak para]
- baraan goods, stuff, ware, merchandise. [LM baraγa(n)]
- baraan outline, contours, silhouette; baraan bol- to serve; čonunga baaraan bol- to serve the people. [LM baraγa(n)]
- baraanna- to go to buy goods.
- baraanna- to watch, to observe.
- baraban drum. [←Rus baraban]
- baraskan poor person, pauper; inhabitant.
- barba bag of goat leather.
- bardam impudent, coarse; arrogant, conceited, presumptious; irascible. [LM bardam]
- bardamna- to be arrogant, conceited; to boast of one’s strength (in games, wrestling). [LM bardamna-]
- barï presence, availability, on hand, cash; akšanïŋ barï cash money; erge-žok čugula baydaldarnïŋ barï the presence of indispensable conditions.
- barïïn western; right-winged (politics). [LM baraγun]
- barïk almost. [LM baruγ]
- barïmdaa base, basis; reason, grounds, cause; proof, argument; evidence, certificate; kandïg-daa barïmdaa čokka without any reason; barïmdaaï čül? on what grounds?; škola dooskanïnïŋ barïmdaazï a certificate of having completed school. [LM barimta]
- barïmdaala- to be based or founded on; to observe, to keep to, to take into account, to stick to; dürümnü barïmdaala- to observe the rules. [LM barimtala-]
- bas- [bahs-] to press; to suppress, to repress; to destroy, to obliterate; to tread, to step; to amble; to pull or press the trigger, to shoot; kattïŋ suun sï bas- to squeeze out the juice of berries; demdek bas- to stamp, to brand; bazar aht ambler; bazar čüve pistol. [<CT *bas-]
- baska hammer.
- baskaktan- [bahskaktan-] to sit cross-legged.
- baskïïš step, footstep; pedal; key; metal or horn badge (for fastening the seat to the saddle frame).
- baskïlaš- to be heaped or piled up, to be loaded with.
- baskïlaštïr- to heap up, to pile, to load with.
- bastïg-: xaram bastïg- to have a nightmare.
- bastïr- to oppress, to lower; to abuse; to be oppressed; to thresh (grain); to step; to amble. [<CT *bastur-]
- baš [bahš] head; top, summit; end, tip; ear (of grain); head (counter for livestock); beginning, origin, source; -NIŋ bažïnda on top of, at the head of; bažïndan from the beginning; sigen bažï ear of grass; dag bažï mountain top; xem bažï the upstream part of a river; baš teyi crown of the head; baš söögü skull; baš šüürü comb; baš muŋgaš dead end, situation with no way out. [<CT *baš]
- baš-tenider puzzle, conundrum.
- baška [bahška] besides, except for; senden baška except for you; boordan baška except for its being. [<CT *baška]
- baškala- to separate, to isolate.
- baškalaaškïn separation, isolation, section division.
- baškalan- to get rid of, to shake off, to throw off.
- baškalančak separate, isolated from.
- baškalandïr- to separate, to isolate.
- baškar- [bahškar-] to manage, to regulate, to put right; to equip, to fit out (for a journey); to steer; kudumču šimčeeškinin baškar- to regulate the trafic; korabldi baškar- to steer the ship. [<CT *baškar-]
- baškarïkčï manager; leader.
- baškart- to let manage, regulate, equip, steer.
- baškï [bahškï] teacher. [<CT *baxšï, cf. LM baγsi ←Ch]
- baškï first; front-, anterior; initial.
- baškïla- to teach, to educate.
- baškïlaaškïn education.
- bašta- to lead, to direct, to govern, to be at the head of, to guide; baštaar organnar authorities; baštaar čer government. [<CT *bašla-]
- baštak [bahštak] witty, humerous, comic; joke, humour; joker, jester. [<CT *baštak]
- baštaktan- to make jokes, to tease.
- baštaktanïš- to tell jokes to one another.
- baštal- to be in the ear, to form ears (of grass).
- baštalga guidance, leadership.
- baštaŋgï [bahštaŋgï] bridal veil.
- baštat- to entrust the leadership.
- baštay for the first time; eŋ-ne baštaygï very first, initial.
- baštïg with a head, headed; with a leader; wise. [<CT *bašlïg]
- baštïŋ [bahštïŋ] leader, head; the leader (in a herd); aymaktïŋ baštïŋï leader of the clan.
- baštïŋčï leader, chief; ažïlčï čonnuŋ baštïŋčïzï leader of the working people; klass baštïŋčï baškïzï class teacher.
- bat- [baht-] to go down, to descend, to plunge, to sink, to flow; kudu bat- to walk downstream. [<CT *bat-]
- bay rich; a rich person; čuduruk bay rich farmer (cf. Rus kulak). [<CT *ba:y]
- bayaatan (~ bayat) rich person.
- baybaŋ garrulous, talkative; talkativeness, garrulity; unduly familiar (behaviour).
- baydal position, status, state, condition, circumstance, situation. [LM bayidal]
- baydaldïg situated, located, being in a position; berge baydaldïg being in a difficult position; eki baydaldïg being in a good position.
- bayï- to be or become rich. [<CT *ba:yu-]
- bayïïrga- to take pride in one’s wealth, to boast. [LM bayarqa-]
- bayïr festivity; greeting, welcome; bayïr čedir- to welcome, to greet, to congratulate. [LM bayar]
- bayïrla- to celebrate; to greet. [LM bayarla-]
- bayïrlal holiday, festivity. [LM bayarlal]
- bayïrlïg festive, ceremonial; greeting, welcoming; goodbye; bayïrlïg xural ceremonial meeting; bayïrlïg telegramma welcoming telegram; bayïrlïg ešter! goodbye, friends! [cf. LM bayartai]
- bayïsaa- (~ baysaa-) to interrogate, to question. [LM baičaγa-]
- bayïsaakčï (~ baysaakčï) investigator. [LM baičaγaγči]
- bayïsaalga (~ baysaalga) interrogation, examination. [LM baičağalğa]
- bayïsaat- to be interrogated.
- bayït- to make rich. [<CT *ba:yut-]
- bayla- to come to an end, to become empty (of a glass).
- baylak rich; richness, wealth; resources, treasures; baylak čurt rich land; boydus baylaktarï natural resources; materialdïg baylaktar material resources; ištiki baylaktarnï mobilizastaarï mobilisation of internal resources; kazïmal baylaktar useful resources.
- baylaŋ fry, young fish.
- baytïk not only. [cf. LM baituγai]
- bayza boundary post.
- baza [bahza] and, still, more, yet, another, already; saazïn baza karandaš paper and pencil; baza bir kiži keldi another person came; meŋee baza nomdan bir ber give me yet another book. [LM basa]
- bazïm [bahzïm] step.
- bazïmča [bahzïmča] insult, abuse. [LM basumji]
- bazïmčala- [bahzïmčala-] to humiliate, to abase, to insult, to offend, to abuse; to mock, to jeer at; to consider weak, feeble; ol meni bazïmčalaaš šïdïraaga utturupkan s/he beat me at chess and considered me weak.
- bazïn- (bastïr) to humiliate, to abase, to insult, to offend, to mock, to jeer at. [<CT *basïn-]
- bazïr- to press. [<CT *basur-]
- bazïtkïïš metal or horn badge (for fastening the seat to the saddle frame).
- baža brother-in-law (wife’s sister’s husband). [<CT *ba:ča]
- bažalaš- to be or become brothers-in-law.
- bažalïškïlar (~ bažaškïlar) brothers-in-law (husbands of sisters).
- bažï-kurlug index finger (in games).
- bažïŋ house, log hut, building; prison, jail; škola bažïŋï school building; bažïŋ adrezi home address; bažïŋ xerekselderi household utensils; bažïŋga kir- to go to prison; bažïŋ kižizi prisoner, inmate. [LM baising]
- bažïŋna- to be in prison, to be locked up in jail.
- bažïŋnan- to own a house, building.
- bažïŋnat- to get locked up in prison.
- be mare. [<CT *be:]
- be question particle.
- bedi- to become high, to rise, to be raised. [<CT *bedü-]
- bedik high, tall; height, mountain; bedik dag high mountain; bedik kiži tall person; bedik ün high voice. [<CT *bedik]
- bedit- to raise, to heighten, to lift; sugnuŋ deŋnelin bedit- to raise the water level. [<CT *bedüt-]
- beer hither, here; since; beer kel come here; nomnarnï beer ekkel bring the books here; ïŋay-beer thither and hither; ol üyden beer since that time; oon beer since then; dagnïŋ beer iyi the slope on this side of the mountain. [<CT *be:rü]
- beergi since; šagdan beergi, ür üyeden beergi long time since; čooktan beergi recently.
- beerle- to approach, to come near (to the speaker).
- beerlet- to draw near.
- beg beg (historical title); father-in-law; husband’s elder brother. [<CT *beg]
- bege [behke] Indian ink. [LM beke ←Ch]
- bege [behke] blight, smut (a crop disease).
- begele- (of cereals) to be affected by blight, smut.
- bek [behk] strong; chains, fetters. [<CT *bek]
- bekte- to consolidate, to strengthen, to fasten. [<CT *bekle-]
- bekteg oppression.
- bektel (~ bektelge) fetters; yoke, oppression; captivity; kolonialdïg bektel colonial yoke.
- bekten- to hold on to, to press oneself against, to strengthen. [<CT *beklen-]
- bektet- to let consolidate, strengthen, fasten. [<CT *beklet-]
- bel waist; slope (at the foot of a mountain). [<CT *be:l]
- bel salmon-trout. [<NE *bel]
- bel-keš (~ bel-kežik) lower part of the body.
- belde- to go past the mountain slope.
- belde- to fish for salmon-trout.
- beldir [behldir] confluence, crossroads, junction; knot; xem beldiri confluence of rivers; oruk beldirinde at the crossroads. [<CT *beltir]
- beldirleš- (of rivers or roads) to come together, to join, to form a confluence, junction.
- belek gift, present; belekke ber- to give as a present. [LM beleg]
- belen easy; ready. [LM belen]
- belen-selen that easily; ol belen-selen utpas s/he won’t forget so easily. [LM belen-ĵelen]
- beleŋgiš mountain terrace.
- beletke- to prepare; to acquire, to purchase; bažïŋnï kïška udur beletke- to prepare the house for winter. [LM beledke-]
- beletkel purveyence, procurement; preparation, acquirement; beletkel punktuzu purveying centre, procurement station. [LM beledkel]
- beletken- to prepare oneself.
- beliŋči afraid, scared. [<CT *beliŋči]
- beliŋne- to run up to, to jump; to give a start; to give a shriek. [<CT *beliŋle-]
- beliŋnet- to make afraid, to scare.
- ber- (beer) to give; bo nomnu meŋee ber give me this book; sös ber- to give one’s word; čöpšeerel ber- to give permission; üleger ber- to give an example; -A/-I/-y ber- (inchoative auxiliary); bižiy berdim I started writing; -(I)p ber- (benefactive auxiliary); meŋee adïŋ čugaalap ber tell me your name; beeriniiŋ padeži dative case. [<CT *be:r-]
- berdin- to give oneself up, to surrender; to be given.
- berdingen true, loyal, devoted.
- berdir- to transfer to, to hand down, to forward, to let give; čagaanï akïmdan berdirdim I forwarded the writing through my elder brother. [<CT *be:rdür-]
- berge [behrge] heavy, difficult; hardship, trouble. [LM berke]
- bergede- to be in difficulties, to find difficulty in; to become difficult, hard, complicated. [LM berked-]
- bergedet- to make difficult, hard, complicated.
- berimče blessing, boon; donation.
- berimčelig beneficial, abundant; generous, liberal; berimčelig čay a lavish summer.
- beriš- to touch; to bother; to tease; bo nomnar-bile berišpeŋer don’t you touch these books; ït-bile berišpe don’t tease the dog. [<CT *beriš-]
- bert [behrt] (a place) difficult to pass. [<CT *berk]
- bert- [behrt-] to mutilate, to cripple, to maim. [<CT *bert-]
- berten this morning. [< bo erten]
- bertik mutilation, maiming; dislocation (of a joint); break, fracture (of a limb).
- berttin- to be maimed, injured. [<CT *bertin-]
- berttindir- to maim.
- bes a species of edible bulb (Erythronium). [<NE *bes]
- bes gland; čaraa bezi salivary gland [<CT *be:z]
- bestig-baarzïk pancreas.
- beš five; beški fifth. [<CT *be:š]
- beš-adar rifle.
- beti [behti] this side; front, before; xem betinde at this side of the river; betinge near, on this side of; šuugaar betinde as concerns gossip, with respect to gossip. [Tofa beht]
- bezerek insufficient, inadequate; premature, born prematurely; defective; bezerek kïl- to do inadequately, to leave uncompleted. [LM besereg]
- bezin even, yet; ol bezin kelbeen-dir s/he has not come yet. [Tofa bezin]
- beželee(n) five together, the five of, fivesome.
- bežen fifty; bežengi fiftieth. [<NE *beš + *on]
- bežennig being fifty years of age.
- biče small, little, petty; youngest, junior; biče setkil modesty; biče setkildig modest; biče oglu his/her youngest son; biče leytenant junior lieutenant; biče buržuaziya petty bourgoisie; biče öreelge orun sal put the bed in the small room.
- biče-böövey little finger.
- biče-salaa little finger.
- biče-šöömey little finger.
- bičežek small, insignificant (e.g. of size).
- bičele- to become little or small, to lessen, to decrease, to diminish.
- bičelet- to make little or small, to lessen, to decrease, to reduce; to belittle, to depreciate.
- bičii small, little; a little, a bit, a trifle, slightly; bičii ool small boy; bičii ïnay quite small, insignificant; bičii balïk small fish.
- bii-sarïg a species of songbird.
- biiže whetting stone.
- bil- to know, to get to know; to be aware of, to recognize; to understand; to know to, to know how, to be able to; ïlap bil- to know exactly; utkazïn bil- to know or understand the meaning of it; nomčup bil- to be able to read; bilbes men I don’t know, I don’t know how. [<CT *bil-]
- bilbeečeŋne- to pretend not to know, to feign ignorance.
- bildi knowledge; magical powers.
- bildilig knowledgeable; possessing magical powers.
- bildin- to be evident, visible, noticeable, to appear.
- bildinček well-known, generally known; clear, comprehensible.
- bildingir understandable, comprehensible, clear; söstüŋ utkazï bildingir the meaning of the word is clear.
- bildinmes unknown, unclear, not understood; ooŋ kažan keliri bildinmes it is unknown when s/he will come.
- bildir- to let know, to make known, to inform, to notify, to report. [<CT *bildür-]
- bildirt- to let know, to make known, to inform, to notify, to report.
- bile and, together with; by means of; (adverbaliser: noun + pos3 + bile); olčaanï-bile in the same way, likewise; üzüü-bile chunk-wise; büzürediri-bile convincingly; kiddingly. [<CT *bi:rle]
- bilek wrist. [<CT *bilek]
- bilek as soon as; xün üneri bilek, bis ažïlday bergen we started working as soon as the sun rose.
- bilekte- to take by the wrist.
- bilekteeš bracelet. [Khak pĭlektes]
- bilig knowledge; idea, notion, conception; education; xanï bilig profound knowledge; bilig – küš knowledge is power. [<CT *bilig]
- biliglig educated, learned, erudite. [<CT *biliglig]
- bilikse- to want to know. [<CT *bilikse-]
- bilin- (minnir) to feel, to have the sensation of, to sense, to be aware; to come to one’s senses; to recognise, to admit, to own up to. [<CT *bilin-]
- bilindir- to persuade, to convince; to make aware; to bring to one’s senses; to subdue. [<CT *bilin-]
- bilindirig persuasion.
- bilindiriiškin persuasion.
- bilinmeste- to lose consciousness; to lose sensitivity, to become numb; xolum bilinmestey berdi my hand grew numb.
- biliš- (bilčir) to understand each other. [<CT *biliš-]
- bilzek ring. [<CT *bilezük]
- bir one; once; bir dugaar first; bir katap once; bir kiži someone; bir čüve something; bir čerde someplace, somewhere, at a certain place; bir šagda once, at a certain time; bir xün one day; bir-le some; any; a certain; a bit, a time; bir-le čer someplace; bir-le kör- to look a bit, to throw a glance; bir eves if; birgi first. [<CT *bi:r]
- birde sometimes, at times; birde čahs-daa čaar, birde xar-daa čaap keer at times it rains, at times it snows. [Khak pĭrde]
- birde-birde now ... now, sometimes ... sometimes, at one moment ... at another.
- biree one, single; any; bireezi one of; bireede at first; bireezinden ïrakta far from any of them. [<CT *bi:regü]
- birik- to unite, to come together; to go on well. [<CT *bi:rik-]
- biriktir- to unite, to bring together.
- bis the sharp or point (of a knife, needle); knife; bižek bizi the sharp of a knife; ine bizi the point of a needle. [<CT *bi:z]
- bis [bihs] we; bisti us; bistiŋ our; biske to us; biste at us; bisten from us; bisče towards us; bistive towards us; bistii ours; bistii-bile according to us. [<CT *biz]
- bistig sharp, cutting.
- biyee far, past; the same, the very one; biyee šagda in the past; biyee artist that same artist; biyeede in the past; biyeegi the aforementioned. [<CT *baya]
- biyeek long ago.
- biyir brush (for paint, glue, etc). [LM bir ←Ch]
- bize- to whet, sharpen; karandaš bize- to sharpen a pencil; xiree bize- to sharpen a saw. [Khak pĭze-]
- bizeŋ mountain crest.
- bizet- to let whet, sharpen.
- bizirer- to huddle together, to gather in one place, to concentrate, to flock, to cluster.
- bizirt crowded, dense, congested; much, in bulk, a lot of; xovuda mal bizirt there is much livstock in the steppes.
- bižeeči clerk. [LM bičigeči]
- bižek [bihžek] knife; bižek sïvï the haft of a knife. [<CT *bi:ček]
- bižekte- to cut or stab with a knife.
- bižekten- to cut or stab oneself with a knife.
- biži- [bihži-] to write; čagaa biži- to write a leter; šülük biži- to write poetry. [LM biči-]
- bižigle- to write a letter. [LM bičigle-]
- bižiirge- to feel shy, timid, bashful, embarrassed; to be confused.
- bižiirgeečel shy, timid, bashful, diffident; unsociable.
- bižiirget- to confuse, to embarrass.
- bižiiškin a writing, a sign.
- bižik [bihžik] writing, a piece of writing, letter; tïva bižik Tuvan writing; bižik bilbes oruk illiteracy. [LM bičig]
- bižiktig written, having a writing.
- bižimel (hand)writing, handwritten. [LM bičimel]
- bižiš- to write to each other, to correspond.
- bižit- to let write.
- bïdaa groats; soup (from groats); porridge; ak bïdaa rice; milk soup; milk porridge. [LM budaγa(n)]
- bïdaala- to eat soup; to add to the soup (as an ingredient). [LM budaγala-]
- bïdara- [bïhdara-] to disperse, to dissipate, to get scattered; čük bïdara- to get scattered in all directions (e.g. of livestock). [LM butara-]
- bïdarat- to disperse, to dissipate, to scatter.
- bïdargay [bïhdargay] dispersed, scattered, dissipated, sparse. [LM butarqai]
- bïdï- to be or become lice-ridden.
- bïgïn [bïhgïn] side, edge (lower part); flank, groin; bïktï ts side. [<CT *bïkïn]
- bïgïnna- [bïhgïnna-] to snap to the side (with the teeth) (e.g. of a horse when tightening the saddle girth); to find fault with, to pick on, to nag at.
- bïktïš narrow, tight, crowded, cramped, packed.
- bïktïža- to be narrow, tight, crowded, cramped, packed.
- bïlaa- to take away by force. [LM buliya-]
- bïlaaš argument, dispute, lawsuit.
- bïlaaš- to try to capture, to take away from each other by force; murnun bïlaaš- to try to outstrip one another.
- bïlaaštïg arguable, disputable; bïlaaštïg xerek disputable matter.
- bïlaat kerchief. [←Rus plat]
- bïlaat- to let take away by force.
- bïlaattïr- to let take away by force.
- bïlča- [bïhlča-] to smear, to soil, to stain, to dirty. [LM bilča-]
- bïlčak [bïhlčak] dirty, soiled, stained; blot, smudge; daub. [<CT *balčïk]
- bïlčakta- to smear, to soil, to stain, to dirty; to write illegibly.
- bïlčaktaš- to smear, soil, stain, dirty one another.
- bïlčaš- to smear, soil, stain, dirty one another.
- bïlčat- to let smear, soil, stain, dirty.
- bïlda [bïhlda] fuse (for igniting an explosive). [LM bilta]
- bïlda- to evade, to avoid, to shun, to shirk, to dodge; to cover one’s tracks; (of a bullet) to miss, to be beside the mark; (of a horse) to shy. [LM bulta-]
- bïldaačal evasive (in answering), dodgy.
- bïldaaškïn evasion; bïldaaškïn čokka xarïïla- to answer without evasion.
- bïldala- to ignite with a fuse.
- bïldalïg having a fuse; bïldalïg boo gun having a fuse.
- bïldamïk evasive, dodgy.
- bïldamïkta- to evade, to avoid, to shun, to shirk, to dodge.
- bïldamïš evasive, dodgy.
- bïldat- to let evade, avoid.
- bïlga- to wave; to stir, to agitate; to outwit; xol bïlga- to wave the hand. [<CT *bulga-]
- bïlga- to smear, to daub; to rinse, to wash by moving something to and fro through the water. [LM bulqa-]
- bïlgaaš mixer, stirring rod (for stirring grain when roasting it).
- bïlgamïk inclined to muddling up.
- bïlgamïkta- to delude, to mislead, to muddling up; to evade, to avoid, to shun, to shirk, to dodge.
- bïlgaš- to help wave, stir, agitate.
- bïlgat- to let wave, stir, agitate.
- bïlgï snorting (of a horse).
- bïlgïr- [bïhlgïr-] to snort (of horses).
- bïlgïrt- to let snort.
- bïra lever (for lifting heavy objects), support; bïra ïyažï supporting beam.
- bïra species of grey steppe partridge.
- bïra the first ice at the banks on a river, sludge ice.
- bïraat Buryat. [LM buriyad]
- bïrala- to lever something up.
- bïralaš- to help lever something up.
- bïralat- to let lever something up.
- bïragda- to become covered with ice, to freeze over, (of a river) to freeze at the banks.
- bïraš- to match, to be equal, to not be inferior (in power, skill); to cope with, to manage, to handle.
- bïrdaan Berdan rifle. [←Rus berdanka]
- bïrïstaa verst. [←Rus versta]
- bïrïš- (of clothes) to wrinkle, to cockle up.[<CT *bürüš-]
- bïrïškak wrinkle, crease; in wrinkles, creased; warped.
- bïrïštïr- to wrinkle (the face), to make a wry face; to crease (material, paper).
- bïrïžaŋna- to twitch, to grimace, to make faces.
- bïrïžaŋnat- to let twitch, grimace, make faces.
- bïrlagar covered with a surge (of waves); wavy.
- bïrlaŋ ripple(s), surge (of waves).
- bïrlaŋayïn- to ripple, to be covered by a surge (of waves); xöl bïrlaŋaynïp čïtkan the lake was covered by surges of waves.
- bïrlaŋna- to ripple, to be covered by a surge (of waves).
- bïrlaŋnaaš ripple(s), surge (of waves).
- bïrlaŋnat- to cause to ripple, to cause to be covered by a surge (of waves); xat sugnu *bïrlaŋnadïp tur the wind caused the water to ripple.
- bïrtak [bïhrtak] mucus, slime; weed.
- bïrtaktal- to be overgrown by weed.
- bïrtaktïg mucous, slimy.
- bïržï [bïhržï] scratch, trace of a wound.
- bïskan [bïhskan] powder snow, soft snow; bïskan xar newly fallen snow.
- bïskanna- of powder snow to fall, of snow to freshly fall; oruktu xar bïskannapkan snow has freshly fallen on the road.
- bïskannïg covered with powder snow.
- bïstan piston, percussion cap. [←Rus piston]
- bïstannïg having a piston, percussion cap.
- bïš- [bïhš-] to cut, to cut out; xep bïžarï the act of cutting out. [<CT *bïč-]
- bïš- to churn (butter), to mix, to whisk, to whip (e.g. sour milk during the preparation of kumys). [< CT *bïš-]
- bïš- [bïhš-] to become ripe, mature, to ripen, to mature (of berries, grain); to boil, to cook (of water or food). [<CT *bïš-]
- bïškak [bïhškak] animal skin with the paws. [Khak pïsxax]
- bïškï spaddle for skimming the milk; spaddle for cutting the hardened cheese in squares or rounds, churn staff; piston. [<CT *bïšku]
- bïškïïš spaddle for cutting the hardened cheese in squares or rounds, churn staff.
- bïškïr- to sneeze. [Khak pïsxïr-]
- bïškïrïš- to sneeze several times.
- bïštak cheese (from sheep’s milk).
- bïštakta- to make cheese (from sheep’s milk).
- bïštaktal- (of milk) to turn to cheese.
- bïštïr- [bïhš-] to let cut, to let cut out. [<CT *bïčtur-]
- bït [bïht] louse. [<CT *bït]
- bïtta- to remove the lice; to do with great care, to do thoroughly.
- bïttïg infested with lice.
- bïyirgïn light rash on the skin; scattered (of a rash, freckles); small, fine; bïyïrgïn činčiler small beads.
- bïyirgïnna- to be covered with a rash.
- bïza- [bïhza-] to strew with, to powder with.
- bïzaa one-year-old calf; mïygak bïzaazï fawn of the maral deer; sarlïk bïzaa yak calf; bïzaa ažaakčïzï, bïzaa kažaazï calf-shed. [<CT *buzagu]
- bïzaala- to calve; to drive up the calves. [<CT *buzagula-]
- bïzaalaaškïn calving.
- bïzaalïg having a calf; bïzaalïg inek cow having a calf.
- bïzaančï [bïhzaančï] Tuvan spike fiddle.
- bïzaančïla- to play the spike fiddle.
- bïzam a pinch of (usually said of products like flour and groats for seasoning broth).
- bïzaŋ carpenter; joiner. [LM muĵan ←Ch]
- bïzaŋčï carpenter; joiner.
- bïzaŋčïla- to work as a carpenter, joiner.
- bïzaŋna- to work as a carpenter, joiner.
- bïžar [bïhžar] measles.
- bïžar-dumaa [bïhžar-dumaa] smallpox.
- bïžï- [bïhžï-] to become strong, firm, to consolidate.
- bïžïg strong, stiff, hard, firm, solid; bïžïg ïyaš hard wood; bïžïg pös strong fabric; bïžïg taybïŋ stable peace; bïžïg biligler sound knowledge; bïžïg soruk strong will; bïžïg soruktug strong willed. [<CT *bïšïg]
- bïžïgla- to strengthen, to consolidate, to secure, to fasten, to fix; algan biliglerni bïžïgla- to commit to memory what one has learned.
- bïžïglaaškïn strengthening, consolidation; šöl bïžïglaaškïn (military) securing of the terrain.
- bïžïglakčï fixing agent, fixer.
- bïžïglal strengthening, consolidation, securing, fastening, fixing.
- bïžïglan- to firmly hold oneself on to.
- bïžïglanïïškïn strengthening, consolidation.
- bïžïglaš- to help strengthen, consolidate, secure, fasten, to strengthen together.
- bïžïk- [bïhžïk-] to become strong, firm, to consolidate; Sovyet Evileliniŋ bügü-delegey baydalï ulam-na bïžïga bergen the international position of the Sovet Union has become stronger.
- bïžïkčï tailor’s cutter.
- bïžïkčïla- to cut with a tailor’s cutter.
- bïžïktïr- to strengthen, to consolidate; küš-ažïlčïdïŋ sagïlga-čurumnu bïžïktïr- to strengthen the working discipline.
- bïžïlgak [bïhžïlgak] nappy rash.
- bïžïlgan [bïhžïlgan] nappy rash. [<CT *bïčïlgan]
- bïžïlganna- (of babies) to suffer from nappy rash.
- bïžïn- (bïštïr) (of babies) to suffer from nappy rash. [cf. CT *bïčïl-]
- bïžïndï a piece cut off.
- bïžïr- to bake, to broil, to roast; to work thoroughly through the end; xuužuur bïžïr- to bake pancakes; xleb bïžïr- to bake bread; eht bïžïr- to roast meat; iletkeldi bïžïrïp al- to work thoroughly through the lecture. [<CT *bïšur-]
- bïžïrïkčïzï: xleb bïžïrïkčïzï baker.
- bïžïrïmčalïg [bïhžïrïmčalïg] detailed, thorough; šuptuzun bïžïrïmčalïg boda- to think everything over in detail.
- bïžïrïmčïlïg detailed, thorough.
- bïžïrïš- to help bake, broil, roast.
- bïžïrt- to let cook, bake, broil, roast. [<CT *bïšurt-]
- bïžït- to make stronger, to strengthen, to consolidate; Sovyet Evileliniŋ küčüzün bïžït- to consolidate the power of the Sovet Union.
- bo this; bo-la thus, and, often; bolar these; you (polite form plural); bolarlar these; mooŋ of this; monu this; maŋaa (~ maa) to this, hither; mïnda in this, here; moon from this, hence; boduva here, in this direction; bože here, in this direction; moom this thing of mine, this which belongs to me (lit. my this); mooŋ this thing of yours; moozu this thing of his/hers/theirs; moovus this thing of ours; mooŋar this thing of yours; bo doraan immediately; bo mïnčaar and such, and others; bo kiži my spouse; seni bo-la saktïp keer čordum I often reminded you. [<CT *bo:]
- bočurga bud.
- boda unit of livestock; chessman, piece (in chess); large (of cattle, grain); mïyïstïg boda mal large horned cattle; boda taraa coarse grain (e.g. wheat in comparison to millet). [LM boda]
- boda- to think, to consider, to assume; to think of; to solve (a problem); men bodaarïmga in my opinion; bodaarga when considering, when comparing to; düün xünge bodaarga, bögün čïlïg-dïr when comparing yesterday to today, today is warmer; san boda- to solve an arithmetical problem; meni baza bodaŋar think of me, keep me in mind, don’t forget about me. [LM bodu-]
- bodagan [bohdagan] foal of a camel. [LM botuγa ~ botuγu(n)]
- bodaganna- of a female camel to foal.
- bodagïla- to think over and over.
- bodal thought; idea; opinion; čaa bodal new idea; bažïmga oon aytïrar-dïr dep bodal kire xonup keldi the thought came to my head to ask him about this; meeŋ bodalïm mïndïg such is my opinion. [LM bodul]
- bodalčï thinker.
- bodaldïg with the thought, idea, intention of; intelligent; öörenir bodaldïg keldim I came with the intention to learn.
- bodalga (arithmetical) task, problem; čiik bodalga easy task; berge bodalga difficult task; bodalga nomu book of mathematical tasks. [LM bodulγa]
- bodamča care, caution, prudence; circumspection; thoughtfulness. [LM bodumĵi]
- bodamčalïg careful, prudent, thoughtful.
- bodan- to think over, to consider, to ponder, to contemplate, to reflect; to change one’s mind.
- bodandïr- to let think over, consider; to force someone to change his mind.
- bodangïr quick-witted, sharp, bright.
- bodanïïškïn consideration, contemplation, reflection.
- bodara- to grow, to be propagated, disseminated.
- bodarat- to raise, to propagate, to disseminate.
- bodaš- to think, consider, solve together; to worry about one another.
- bodat- to make or let think, consider; to set to solve (a problem, task).
- bodattïn- to think over, to consider, to ponder, to contemplate, to reflect; to change one’s mind.
- bodattïngïr easily solved, light (e.g. of a task).
- bodattïr- to make or let think, consider; to set to solve (a problem, task).
- bodavïže certainly, evidently, obviously, must be; bodavïže, ol čedip kelgen obviously, he came.
- bodu self-, auto-; bodu bižiir xereksel recording instrument; bodu čoruur self-propelled; bodu čoruur kombayn self-propelled combine; bodu öörengen self-taught, self-educated person.
- bog- (boor) to fasten a noose, to tie a knot; to strangle, to smother, to throttle, to choke; to block up, to dam (a ditch); to slaughter; booy baglan- to wrap (a scarf) around one’s neck; xuragan bog- to slaughter a lamb. [<CT *bog-]
- bogaa fur scarf, boa. [cf. CT *bukagu]
- bogaa ring (of a scythe).
- bogaala- to tie a fur scarf around the neck.
- bogaalan- to put on a fur scarf, to put on a necktie.
- bogaalïg having a scarf; bogaalïg bora xartïga white-necked falcon.
- bogba yearling foal.
- bogda Buddha, god, saint; holy, sacred; bogda šažïnï Buddhism; aa bogda! oh god! [LM boγda]
- bogdun- to be tied, to be tightened (e.g. of a bag filled with grain); to be strangled, to be hung; to be blocked up (of a ditch); to be slaughtered (e.g. of a lamb). [cf. CT *boglun-]
- bogdunčak tied, tied up; bogdunčak xap tied up bag.
- bogdur- to make fasten, tie, strangle, block up, slaughter. [<CT *bogtur-]
- bödene quail. [LM büdüne]
- bödey poor; dilapidated, old; bödey ög dilapidated house.
- bödeyle- to set up a yurt.
- bödeylen- to acquire a yurt, to set up house.
- bödüree pail, bucket. [←Rus vedro]
- bödüün simple, plain, common, ordinary, basic, elementary; bödüün bodalga simple task; bödüün kiži common person; bödüün pös plain fabric; bödüün düktüg xoylar sheep with coarse wool; bödüün bilig elementary concept; bödüün domak simple sentence (in grammar). [LM büdügün]
- bödüünčü- to become simpler, to be simplified.
- bödüünčüdülge simplification.
- bödüünčürgü simple, elementary.
- bödüünčüt- to simplify; formulanï bödüünčüt- to simplify the formula.
- bögün today; bögün koncert bolur there will be a concert today. [<CT *bo: + *kün]
- bögüngü of today, today’s; bögüngü solun today’s newspaper.
- bökpeger [böhkpeger] thick, dense (e.g. of shrubs, trees); congested, piled up.
- bökpek [böhkpek] bouquet, bunch; heap, pile; bökpek čeček a bunch of flowers; bökpek daštar a pile of stones. [cf. LM bögem]
- bökpekteš- [böhkpekteš-] to pile up, to be gathered in a pile.
- bökperleš- [böhkperleš-] to huddle together, to flock, to cluster.
- böl- (böler) to gather, to assemble (in one place); čïlgï böl- to gather a herd; böle oylat- to drive together (cattle); sigen böl- to rake up grass (in one place).
- böldeger (of clothes) baggy, awkwardly large.
- böldey- (of clothes) to be baggy, to be awkwardly large.
- böldün- to be gathered, to converge.
- böldünček assembled into a heap, dense.
- böldünüš- (böldünčür) to be united, joined, to rally; to be gathered, to converge; Sovyet ulus kommunistig partiyanï dolgandïr böldünüšken the Sovet people have rallied around the communist party; xuralče böldünüš- to gather in a meeting.
- böldür- to let gather, assemble.
- böle-xaara by the armful; böle-xaara segirip al- to grasp by the armful.
- bölgeer separate, isolated, apart. [cf. CT *bö:l-]
- bölgeet separate, isolated, apart.
- bölgeettel- to be separated, isolated, apart.
- bölgüm [böhlgüm] group, circle; partiya töögüzü öörenir bölgüm group for studying the history of the party; bölgüm ažïlï group work; balïk(čï) bölgüm fishing group, group of fishermen working jointly. [LM bülgüm]
- bölgümčü [böhlgümčü] member of a group or circle.
- bölgümneš- [böhlgümneš-] to be grouped, to be united in a group or circle.
- bölügle- to group, to classify. [LM bülügle-]
- bölügleeškin group, grouping.
- bölüglel phrase; deyepričastiyelig bölüglel converb phrase; pričastiyelig bölüglel participle phrase.
- bölügleš- to gather into groups, to form groups.
- bölügležiiškin group, grouping, contingent; šerigniŋ murnuu talakï bölügležiiškini the southern contingent of the troops.
- bölügležilge group, grouping, contingent.
- bölük group, circle; party, wing, political group, faction; category; section (in a book); bölük kižiler group of people, crowd; frakciyalïg bölük fractional group; ekspediciyanïŋ birgi bölüü the first group of the expedition; buržuaz partiyanïŋ čöön bölüü the left wing of the bourgeois party; niiti ïr bölügü singing circle, chorus. [CT *bö:lük, LM bülüg]
- bölükte- to divide into groups, to group; to classify.
- bölükteeškin grouping, group; classification; dirig amïtannar aymaanïŋ bölükteeškini the classification of the realm of living animals.
- bölükteš- to gather into group, to form groups.
- bömbük ball, sphere; agaar bömbüü balloon; but bömbüü football; xol bömbüü volleyball; častïr bömbük bomb. [LM bömbüge(n)]
- bömbükte- to play with a ball; to throw a bomb, to bomb.
- bömbürzek globe, the Earth. [LM bömbürčeg]
- bööl- (böglür) to stop flowing, to coagulate (e.g. of blood).
- böölbürgey clumsy, awkward.
- böölbüreš clumsy, awkward.
- böölde- to turn, to spin, to twirl.
- böölden- to turn, to spin, to be turned, spun, twirled.
- bööldes (of a gown or garment) ungirdled, without sash or belt, thrown open.
- bööldesten- to ungirdle, to remove the sash; tonun bööldesten- to ungirdle one’s garment.
- bööldeš (of a gown or garment) ungirdled, without sash or belt, thrown open.
- bööldešten- to ungirdle, to remove the sash.
- bööldet- to turn, to spin, to make or let turn or spin.
- böörteŋ hernia; böörteŋ kiži person suffering from inguinal hernia. [LM bögeredeng]
- bööškün plug (of e.g. wood, a rag); piston.
- bööškünne- to plug, to stop up, to close off.
- bööškünnüg plugged, stopped up, closed off.
- böpügür thick, plump, chubby. [cf. LM bömbügür]
- böpüy- to become thick, chubby (e.g. of a child); to swell, to bulge, to inflate. [cf. LM bömbüi-]
- böpüyt- to let swell up, to inflate (e.g. a balloon).
- börbek [böhrbek] round, bulging, spherical; lump, clod, small ball or sphere; kïzïl xan börbekter red blood corpuscles.
- börbekteš- [böhrbekteš-] to roll up into a ball or lump; to assume a rounded form.
- börbeŋne- [börbeŋne-] to roll (of a ball or the eyes).
- börbey- [böhrbey-] to be or become round, bulging, spherical.
- börbügür thick, plump, fat; swollen, pouting, bulging (e.g. lips, face).
- bört [böhrt] hat, cap; börgüm my hat; börgüŋ your hat; börgü his/her hat; kïškï bört winter hat; xalbaŋnïg bört cap with ear flaps; xavaktïg bört peaked cap; xavak čok bört peakless cap; kadag börgü nailhead; eeriil börgü screw nut. [<NE börk, CT *bö:rk]
- börtek [böhrtek] boy’s penis.
- börü wolf; kïs börü she-wolf, female wolf; börü oglu wolf cub; böru agla- to hunt wolves with a battue; börü keži wolf skin; xoy keži ketken börü wolf in sheep skin. [<CT *bö:ri]
- börüle- to hunt for wolves.
- börzek [böhrzek] wolf cub.
- börzekpen wolf cub (nickname for a dog).
- böske [böhske] case or cover for a hunting gun (covering butt and lock).
- böskek [böhskek] breast of a bird. [<CT *böksek]
- böskele- [böhskele-] to put a case on a hunting gun.
- bözür [böhzür] pitted, pocked, pockmarked (of the face); uneven, rough (of a surface); toothed, jagged; pockmarck; roughness; elevation with small cliffs; place covered with stones; bözür arïn face with pockmarks; bözür sambïra rough board.
- bözür-paga toad.
- bözürgey [böhzürgey] pitted, pocked, pockmarked (of the face); uneven, rough (of a surface); toothed, jagged.
- bözürer- [böhzürer-] to be or become pitted, pockmarked, rough, uneven.
- bözüreš [böhzüreš] pitted, pocked, pockmarked (of the face); uneven, rough (of a surface); toothed, jagged.
- bözürle- [böhzürle-] to be or become pitted, pockmarked, rough, uneven.
- bözerlen- [böhzürlen-] to become pitted, pock-marked.
- büdee- [bühdee] to perform a prolonged prayer (in a yurt that has been covered from all sides). [LM bütege- to cover; bütüge- to perform (a prayer)]
- büdeel [bühdeel] prolonged prayer (performed by lamas after the yurt has been covered from all sides). [LM bütügel]
- büdeelge [bühdeelge] summer headgear from cloth (for protection against the rain); hood. [LM bütegelge]
- büdümče [bühdümče] result; büdümče čok unproductive, without result; unreliable; büdümče čok ažïl unproductive labour; büdümče čok kiži unreliable person. [LM bütümĵi]
- büdümčelig [bühdümčelig] productive, succesful; useful, efficient; reliable; büdümčelig ažïl productive labour; büdümčelig sanal constructive remark; büdümčelig kiži reliable person.
- büdümel [bühdümel] matter, substance; natural, innate; častïr büdümelder explosives; kïvar büdümelder combustible substances; büdümel seserlik natural park.
- büdün [bühdün] whole, entire; one-piece; büdün jablok(o) whole apple; büdün stakan sugnu iživit- to drink up an entire glass of water; büdün xün ištinde ažïldaannar they worked all day; büdün san integer; büdün art- to remain whole; büdün granit one-piece granite; čaŋgïs aay büdün a single whole, an entity; büdün čer virgin lands. [<CT *bütün, LM bütün]
- büdün-čartïk one-and-a-half; büdün-čartïk rubl one-and-a-half ruble.
- büdünge [bühdünge] entirely, wholly; büdünge udu- to sleep with one’s clothes on.
- büdüngür [bühdüngür] feasible, easily done.
- büdünne- [bühdünne-] to pick out whole (e.g. lumps of sugar). [<CT *bütünle-]
- büdür- [bühdür-] to do, to make, to manufacture, to perform; bistiŋ ületpürüvüs narïn stanoktar büdürüp turar our industry produces complex machines. [<CT *bütür-]
- büdürü- to stumble; to slip, to slide. [LM büdüri-]
- büdürükčü [bühdürükčü] producer; productive; sire; ažïldïŋ büdürükčüleri superintendents of work; niitileldiŋ büdürükčü küšteri the productive forces of society.
- büdürükčülüü [bühdürükčülüü] productivity; küš-ažïldïŋ büdürükčülüü productivity of labour.
- büdürülge [bühdürülge] production, manufacture; socialistig büdürülge socialist production; büdürülgeniŋ čepsekteri instruments of production; büdürülge čeri enterprise; büdürülge xamaarïlgalarï production ratios; büdürülge brigadazï production brigade.
- büdürülgeči [bühdürülgeči] production worker.
- büdürümčelig [bühdürümčelig] creative; büdürümčelig ažïl-čorudulga creative activity.
- büdürüüčel prone to stumbling.
- büdüš [bühdüš] structure; mentality, character; quality, property; bister kommunister onza budüštüŋ kižileri we communists are people of a particular mentality.
- büdüštüg [bühdüštüg] having a certain structure; modest; adequate; of high quality; onzagay büdüštüg domaktar clauses having a special structure.
- büdüü [bühdüü] secretely, quietly, hidden; latent; büdüü čïlbïrt- to act secretly, quietly; büdüü čïlïï latent heat (in physics); aarïgnïŋ büdüü üyezi latent period of a disease. [LM bitegüü]
- büdüü [bühdüü] the last day of the month (in the old lunar calendar); the eve of the new month; eve; büdüüzünde on the eve of; bayïrlaldïŋ büdüüzünde on the eve of the holiday. [LM bitegün]
- büdüüle- [bühdüüle-] to act secretly, quietly.
- büdüülük [bühdüülük] primitive, backward, ignorant; rough, vulgar; büdüülük kiži backward person. [LM büdügülig]
- büg alveolus; diš büü alveolus. [<CT *bük]
- büg elbow.
- büge [bühge] (in a knucklebone game) the small bone that is placed in the middle of an erected row of figures. [cf. CT *bög]
- bügü [bühgü] all, whole, entire; bügü čon all the people, the whole nation; bügü čurt the entire country; bügü kižiler all the people; bügü delegeyniŋ ažïlčï čonnarï workers of the entire world; aytïrïgnï bügü talazï-bile kör- to consider the matter from all angles; bügü-le all, every; bügü ... šuptuzu all. [LM bükü]
- bügü-delegey worldwide; bügü-delegeyniŋ xereeženneriniŋ demokrattïg federaciyazï the world-wide democratic women-federation; bügü-delegeyniŋ taybïŋ čövüleli the world-wide council for peace.
- bügü-evilel all-union; Bügü-evileldiŋ Leninči Anïyaktarïnïŋ Kommunistig Evileli the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League.
- bügü-niiti universal; čurttakčï čonnuŋ bügü-niiti čizezi national census.
- bügü-rossiy all-Russian; bügü-rossiy teatr niitileli the all-Russian theatrical society.
- bügüde all, every; ol bügüde all this; bügüdevis we all; bügüde eki! hello everybody!; bügüdege bildingir well-known. [LM bügüde]
- bük [bühk] mountain depression; narrow valley, level place at the shore of a river (at the foot of a high mountain); leeward, located in mountain depression, not accessible to winds; bük čer place protected from the wind by mountains.
- bük- [bühk-] to tuck in; čoorgan-bile buttu bük- to tuck up the legs in a sleeping blanket.
- büküle- [bühküle-] (of a child’s fontanels) to move, to touch.
- büküleeš [bühküleeš] fontanel, sinciput, crown of the head.
- bülčü- of a joint to become dislocated. [LM bulĵi-]
- büldeger [bühldeger] large (of tears, drops of blood).
- büldeŋeyin- [bühldeŋeyin-] (of tears) to shimmer, to flow; (of stars) to twinkle.
- büldeŋne- [bühldeŋne-] (of tears) to shimmer, to flow; (of stars) to twinkle.
- büldey- [bühldey-] (of tears) to shimmer, to flow.
- büle family; group. [LM büle]
- büle- to be luke-warm, to be hardly warm (of liquids). [cf. LM büliyed-]
- büleen luke-warm, hardly warm (of liquid); büleen shay luke-warm tea. [LM büliyen]
- bülgeer [bühlgeer] wooden barrel for distilling liquor. [LM bürkeger]
- bülgür- [bühlgür-] to sprinkle, to spray, to spurt, to gush (e.g. water from the mouth). [<CT *bürkür-]
- bülgürül- [bühlgürül-] (of blood, a fountain) to gush out, to spurt.
- bülgürt- [bühlgürt-] to sprinkle, to pour on, to douse (from a watering can).
- bülgürtükčü [bühlgürtükčü] sprinkler, sprayer; pulverizer.
- bülgürtüüškün [bühlgürtüüškün] sprinkling, spraying, pulverization.
- bülürer- to be dim, dull, lustreless, to be dimly lit.
- bülürgey dim, dimly lit, gloomy; lustreless, dull; bülürgey čïrïk dim light; bülürgey lampa frosted lamp.
- bülürtüleŋne- to flash, to flicker (in the twilight, darkness).
- bülürtüleŋneeš flashing, flickering (in the twilight, darkness).
- bülürtüŋ twilight, dusk; gloomy, dusky; dull, diffuse; bülürtüŋ apargan it became dusk; bülürtüŋ arga gloomy forest; bülürtüŋ šil frosted glass.
- bülürtüŋne- to become dark, of dusk or twilight to fall.
- bülürtüŋnelček twilight, dusk; gloomy, dusky; dull, diffuse.
- bürge- [bührge-] to surround; to wrap up, to tuck up, to roll up; to become covered with clouds, to become clouded, overcast; bügün bürgey berdi today it is cloudy. [LM bürke-]
- bürgeelel [bührgeelel] surroundings, environment.
- bürgeeškin [bührgeeškin] bad weather, overcast weather.
- bürgeg cloudy, overcast; cloudy weather; bürgeg xün cloudy day. [LM bürkeg]
- bürgel- to be wrapped or tucked or rolled up; to become clouded or overcast; deer buluttar-bile bürgelgen the sky is overcast with clouds.
- bürget- to be surrounded.
- bürgüt golden eagle. [LM bürgüd]
- bürgütpen eaglet (nickname of dog).
- bürü leaf; bürüler foliage. [<CT *bür]
- bürü each, every; čïl bürüde every year, annually; kiži bürüzü everyone, each person; orannïŋ kuš bürüzü all the birds of the country; bazïm burüzünde at every step. [LM büri]
- bürü- to cover (with leather or other material). [LM büri-]
- bürül- (bürlür) to wrinkle, to cockle up. [<CT *bürül-]
- bürül- (bürlür) to die (of children). [LM büril-]
- bürülüg having leaves.
- bürün whole, complete; bürün ergelig enjoying full rights; plenipotentiary; bürün ergelig xamaatï citizen enjoying full rights; bürün ergelig tölee plenipotentiary representative; bürünü-bile wholly, entirely, fully, completely; silerge bürunü-bile kattïžïp tur men I fully go along with you. [LM bürin]
- bürünne- to replenish, to supplement; to bring up to strength completely.
- bürünčüt- to replenish, to supplement; to bring up to strength completely.
- bürüs monkey.
- bürüš- to wrinkle, to cockle up. [<CT *bürüš-]
- bürüškek wrinkle, crease; in wrinkles, creased; warped.
- bürüštür- to wrinkle (the face), to make a wry face; to crease (material, paper).
- bürütke- to register, to fill in; to make an inventory; anketaga bürütke- to fill in a form. [LM büridke-]
- bürütkediiškin registration, filling in (of a form).
- bürütkekči registrar. [LM büridkegči]
- bürütkel form; list; inventory. [LM büridkel]
- bürütkeš- to help register.
- bürutket- to be registered, to be filled in.
- bürütkettin- to register oneself, to be registered.
- büškügür [bühškügür] hunch-backed.
- büškük [bühškük] hump, hunch-backed (of humans).
- büšküür [bühšküür] wind instrument used in religious ceremonies; büšküür tuŋ trumpet shell. [LM biskigür]
- büšküy- [bühšküy-] to stoop, to be hunch-backed.
- büt- [büht-] (büder) to come true, to be realised, achieved, fulfilled; to happen, to occur; to consist of; to go well, to get going, to get on, to get right; (of a wound) to be overgrown, to heal; meeŋ alïs küzelim bütken my cherished dream has been fulfilled; balïg büde bergen the wound healed; bodu bütken innate, natural. [<CT *büt-]
- bütkür all, entire, wholly, completely; bütkür bodu-bile tur- to rise in one’s full length; bütkür bodu kök sug apargan s/he got soaked to the skin. [cf. LM bügüdeger]
- bütküy- to stoop, to be hunch-backed.
- bütpes alien, stranger; hostile, inimical; unfavourable, wrong, bad; not getting along, not going well, not working out; bütpes ideget alien element.
- büüle gum. [LM büyile]
- büürek kidney; the tip of the finger of the hand; büürek aarïï kidney disease; büürek xini renal pelvis. [<CT *bögürek]
- büürekčigeš bud. [cf. Rus počka kidney; bud]
- büürekte- to embrace a child to warm it.
- büürektel- (of a tree) to develop buds.
- büürelčin hill, hillock, knoll, mound.
- büürelčinnig hilly; büürelčinnig čerler hilly grounds.
- büüze Chinese trading post. [LM püüse(n) ←Ch]
- büzeele- to surround, to besiege, to lay siege; dayzïnnï büzeele- to surround the enemy. [LM büsele-]
- büzeelediiškin siege, blockade, encirclement; state of laying under siege.
- büzeeleeškin siege, blockade, encirclement.
- büzeelel siege, blockade, encirclement; xooraynïŋ buzeeleli the siege of city.
- büzeelet- to be surrounded, blocked, to be under siege, to be beleaguered.
- büzeelettir- to be surrounded, blocked, to be under siege, to be beleagered.
- büzüre- to believe, to trust, to confide in, to hope; to be convinced; (men) seŋee büzüreer men I believe you; am men ort(t)a büzüredim now I am convinced of it. [LM bisire-]
- büzüredig belief, conviction, persuasion; assurance.
- büzürediiškin belief, conviction, persuasion; assurance.
- büzüredikse- to try to convince, assure.
- büzüredilge warrant; büzüredilge-bile al- ~ büzüredilge yozugaar al- to obtain by warrant.
- büzüreečel trusting, credulous.
- büzüreeškin belief, faith, persuasion, conviction; confidence.
- büzürel belief, faith, trust, confidence; hope; čanïš-sïnïš čok büzürel belief. [LM bisirel]
- büzüreldig reliable, trustworthy; confident; büzüreldig barïmdaalar reliable data; bo dugayïnda men ïyak büzüreldig men I am very confident about this; büzüreldig xarïï confident answer.
- büzürenčig believable, probable, plausible.
- büzüret- to convince, to persuade; to assure, to prove.